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Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Informal economy as a “good” “bad practice”? Informal sale of medicines in Lomé

Date de soumission: 14-03-2018
Année de Publication: 2015
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Informal economy as a “good” “bad practice”? Informal sale of medicines in Lomé
Auteurs WOROU HOUNDEKON Rosaline D. [1], PESQUEUX IYON [0],
Journal: Emerald
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 1
Resume Purpose - The argument of this research is based on the observation that informal economy is a situation just as “conforming” as the formal economy. It should be mentioned that in Economics, grassroots collective and non-institutionalized action is referred to as “informal economy”. It is regarded as inseparable from the formal economy - as evidenced in the case of Togo’s reform of public health policy following the Bamako Initiative and its consequences as studied in this paper - but receives less attention despite numerous studies. Can this informal economy be reconciled with public policy beyond the theme of accident and “monstrosity”? Does it question it and provide any lessons to learn from? Is it viewed as an tolerated transgression? Let’s bear in mind that the economy is based on the premise that collective action, unorganized or unrecognized, is a manifestation of recognized and thus institutionalized organized action. And the situation studied here is a different development model based on proximity and affinity networks against a backdrop of poverty. Developed countries confine informal economy to economic and commercial activities allegedly performed by people only, thus outside the scope of organizations. It any dimension is accorded to them, it stems from an inclusive use of the notion of social network and in relation to a more or less tolerated illegality. In many so-called emerging countries, this economy is ignored despite its significance. For example, no one can genuinely talk about the significance, let alone organization of the illegal drug trade. We only know that it is global, or presumably handled by multi-national networks with sophisticated logistics at a physical level (including the use of cargo aircrafts), at a security level (“private” armies) and at a financial level (is there any CSR report from an international bank addressing the issue of this type of origin for its cash flows?) If there is any domain where Africa cannot be reduced to an adjunct and has something important to tell us, it is the study of all things related to informal economy. After defining the scope of informal and informal economy, we propose to expound on the idea that informal economy is a “conforming” situation, based on the informal sale of medicines in Lomé.
Mots clés Social responsibility, Society, Organizational behaviour, Norms, Organizational theory, Organizations
Pages 1 - 26
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