||An increasing number of implementations of IoT for development use the LoRaWAN
protocol as many of them leverage the free network and application servers provided by The Things
Networks (TTN) to fulfill their needs. Unfortunately, in some countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and
South Asia, Internet access cannot be taken for granted, therefore, TTN might not be available.
Moreover, low-cost and low-power consumption options devices are the most sustainable ones.
In this paper, we propose a LoRaWAN network with autonomous base stations that can work without
Internet connectivity for essential services, while being able to provide additional features whenever
Internet access becomes available, even in an intermittent fashion. Security and privacy are preserved,
with support for mobile nodes.