Publications Scientifiques

[ Communication ] Electoral College and American Presidency: A Substantive Appraisal of Facts

Date de soumission: 18-02-2021
Année de Publication: 2020
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire GRAD
Document type : Communication
Discipline(s) : Langues & lingustique
Titre Electoral College and American Presidency: A Substantive Appraisal of Facts
Conference: 4th ASIA PACIFIC International Modern Sciences Congress
Lieu Conference: Subic Bay Freeport Zone, PHILIPPINES
Mots clés Keywords: election, electoral college, popular vote, US Constitutions, presidency
Resume Throughout the US history, the issue of presidential race has won an interest in the whole world. Sometimes the president is chosen directly by the voters, but it can also happen that the candidates with most votes from the public will not be the winner but the one who wins by the electoral vote. After the American election, when some Americans sentenced the Electoral College as an anti-democratic, unAmerican or antiquated instrument, others thought that “the Electoral College persists because in the whole it preserves rather than subverts democracy”. Referring to the American election history, only five presidents won the electoral vote without winning the popular vote. It is, however, worth noting that during the last five elections, two of the five presidents have won despite their loss of the popular vote. Hence, this state of things frustrates so many Americans since it divides the country into two parts, with so many bad impacts on the American society and on world’s peace. This arouses people’s attention so much so that they started questioning seriously the modern relevance of the supremacy of the electoral vote over the popular vote. Drawing on this, we focus our analysis on that concern by exploring and analyzing the presidential elections in the history of the United States where the presidents have been elected not by popular vote but by the electoral votes. So, this paper aims to analyze this sensitive issue. To that end, it briefly evaluates the content of the presidential terms and focuses on the policies of the five presidents who won the electoral vote without winning the popular vote, mainly the last two candidates who had fewer votes from the general public than their contenders but won the election, viz… George W Bush in 2000 and Donald Trump in 2016…. Historicism and critical analysis will be used in this paper as theoretical backdrop.

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