Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Social network analysis of practice adoption facing outbreaks of African Swine Fever

Date de soumission: 26-02-2021
Année de Publication: 2020
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Social network analysis of practice adoption facing outbreaks of African Swine Fever
Auteurs Govoeyi Benoît [1], AGBOKOUNOU ARISTIDE MAHOUTIN [2], CAMARA Younouss [3], AHOUNOU GBÊNAGNON SERGE [4], Dotché Ogoudanan Ignace [5], YOUSSAO ABDOU KARIM ISSAKA [6],
Journal: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 2.304
Volume Journal: 179
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.prevetmed.2020.105008
Resume Animal epizootics show widely destructive effect on livestock value chains in sub Saharan Africa, pushing many smallholders into poverty and discouraging investments. Hence, African swine fever (ASF) has been playing a deeply depressing role on swine value chain of Benin since its first occurrence in the country in 1997. Exchanges between actors are fundamental among stakeholders for the overall performance of a value chain and is key in the way these can respond to challenges, as epizootic threats. The present study describes how stakeholders of the swine value chain interact in the diffusion of innovative practices facing an outbreak of ASF. In seven districts, focus groups were first organized with stakeholders to identify changes and other reactions that ensued from a recent ASF outbreak in Benin. In a second step, individual semi-structured interviews were conducted, following a respondent-driven sampling, to collect the contact information needed for social network analysis. The influence of actors’ characteristics on their degree centrality was tested through multiple linear regression model. Regulatory requirements and available incomes facilitated practice diffusion among groups of pork butchers, traders/brokers and input suppliers. Stockbreeders displayed passivity in the diffusion of practices whereas they should have the forefront role in addressing the challenge of ASF. Nevertheless, their significant interest in capacity reinforcement, associations, exchange visits and professionalization may lead them to increase their involvement in a joint control of the disease.
Mots clés value chain, innovation diffusion, African swine fever, social network, Benin
Pages 105008 - 105008
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