||Optimal Threshold of the Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (Findrisc) for Screening at-Risk Adults in an African Population in Southern Benin.
METONNOU ADANHOUME CLÉMENCE GERMAINE ,
Agueh Victoire ,
Azandjèmè Colette ,
SOSSA JÉRÔME CHARLES ,
KPOZEHOUEN ALPHONSE ,
Hessou Joamel ,
Darboux Joaquin ,
Paraïso Noël M. ,
||Universal Journal of Public Health
||This study aims to determine the performance of the FINDRISC tool for screening adults at risk for type2 diabetes in an African population in southern Benin. This retrospective study included 536 subjects aged 25 to 65 years. The FINDRISC questionnaire score was calculated using seven components: age, body mass index, waist circumference, regular practice of 30 minutes of physical activity, regular consumption of five portions of fruits and
vegetables, the family history of diabetes and the presence of high blood pressure. The performance of the tool was determined from the FINDRISC score and fasting blood glucose The "Receiver Operator Characteristic" (ROC) Curve of the FINDRISC score was used to define the optimal cut-off value of the tool for. The FINDRISC threshold-optimal value for detecting T2D risk in southern Benin was 8.5 with 77% sensitivity, 89% specificity, 45% positive predictive value and 71% negative predictive value. The area under the ROC curve was 0.86 (95% CI:
0.81-0.90). This study revealed that the optimal threshold value for detecting the medium or high risk of T2D observed in Benin is lower than Finland's one. Further studies including larger and more representative samples need to be carried out to confirm this finding.
||Optimal Threshold, FINDRISC Score,Prevention, Type2 Diabetes, Benin
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