||Functional Results after Cataract Surgery by Small Incision in North Benin
ASSAVEDO Codjo Rodrigue Abel ,
SOUNOUVOU Ignace ,
||International Journal of Surgery and Transplantation Research
||Introduction Cataracts, real public health problem especially in developing countries, are the leading cause of blindness worldwide.
Its treatment is surgical AIM. To study the results of cataract surgery by phacoalternative procedure by small incision.
Patients and Methods He acted in a cross-sectional study with descriptive and analytical covered with a prospective collection of given
over a period of 02 months (18 May to 18 July 2015) in adults at the Ophthalmologic Hospital Saint Andre de Tinré (OHSAT). Sociodemographic, clinical and treatment were evaluated.
Result The prevalence of cataract was 17.6%, with a male predominance (59.3%). The mean age was 61.7 ± 12.9 years with the most
represented slice of 51-65 years. 95% of patients were in a state of blindness at the entrance. Functional results indicate that 19.9% of
patients had good visual acuity without correction (≥3 / 10), 70.1% had a mean acuity (1 / 10- <3/10) and 10% poor acuity ( <1/10).
These results improve with the correction TS and pass respectively 44.8%, 49.3% and 5.9%. The main complications were intraoperative
capsular rupture (2.7%) and vitreous loss (2.3%). The postoperative complications were hyphema (3.5%) and corneal edema (1.7%).
Conclusion Cataract remains a leading cause of blindness and poses management problems in developing countries. Adequate technical
equipment would be an asset to improve business resultS
||Cataract surgery, visual acuity, complications.
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