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[ Article ] Magnetic properties of the mixed spin-5/2 and spin-3/2 Blume-Capel Ising system on the two-fold Cayley tree

Date de soumission: 13-01-2017
Année de Publication: 2009
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Recherche en Physique Théorique (LRPT)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Physique
Titre Magnetic properties of the mixed spin-5/2 and spin-3/2 Blume-Capel Ising system on the two-fold Cayley tree
Auteurs YESSOUFOU Rachidi [1], Amoussa-Hounkpatin Saliou [2], HONTINFINDE FÉLIX [3],
Journal: Central European Journal of Physics
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor:
Volume Journal: 7
DOI: 10.2478/s11534-009-0016-x
Resume We use exact recursion relations to study the magnetic properties of the half-integer mixed spin-5/2 and spin-3/2 Blume-Capel Ising ferromagnetic system on the two-fold Cayley tree that consists of two sublattices A and B. Two positive crystal-field interactions ∆1 and ∆2 are considered for the sublattice with spin- 5/2 and spin-3/2 respectively. For different coordination numbers q of the Cayley tree sites, the phase diagrams of the model are presented with a special emphasis on the case q = 3, since other values of q reproduce similar results. First, the T = 0 phase diagram is illustrated in the (DA = ∆1 /J, DB = ∆2 /J) plane of reduced crystal-field interactions. This diagram shows triple points and coexistence lines between thermodynamically stable phases. Secondly, the thermal variation of the magnetization belonging to each sublattice for some coordination numbers q are investigated as well as the Helmoltz free energy of the system. First-order and second-order phase transitions are found. The second-order phase transitions become sharper and sharper when DA or DB increases. The first-order transitions only exist for some appropriate non-zero values of DA and/or DB . The corresponding transition lines never connect to the second-order transition lines. Thus, the non-existence of tricritical points remains one of the key features of the present model. The magnetic exponent β0 of the model is estimated and found to be 1 at small 4 values of DA = DB = D and β0 = 1 at large values of D. At intermediate values of D, there is a crossover 2 region where the magnetic exponent displays interesting behaviours.
Mots clés mixed spin model • two-fold cayley tree • recursion relations • magnetization • phase transition
Pages 555 - 567
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