Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Do isolated gallery-forest trees facilitate recruitment of forest seedlings and saplings in savannna?

Date de soumission: 23-09-2016
Année de Publication: 2013
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Biomathématiques et d'Estimations Forestières (LABEF)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Do isolated gallery-forest trees facilitate recruitment of forest seedlings and saplings in savannna?
Auteurs
Journal: Acta Oecologica
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 1.617
Volume Journal: 53
DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2013.08.001
Resume Facilitation is an ecological process that allows some species to establish in environments they can hardly afford in the absence of the process. This study investigated if the subcanopy of gallery-forest trees isolated in savanna is suitable for the early recruitment of forest woody species. We measured tree crown area as well as the density of seedlings and saplings of gallery-forest tree species beneath isolated trees and in the savanna matrix along 50 transects of 5-km long and 600 m wide located along four gallery forests. We then tested the nurse-plant effect and Janzen-Connell hypothesis beneath isolated trees. We also examined the relationships between the crown area and the density of seedlings and saplings. Among the eight identified tree species isolated in savanna, only Daniellia oliveri and Khaya senegalensis showed nurse-plant effect and promoted a significant, yet low early recruitment with a seedling-to-sapling survival of 0.044 and 0.578, respectively. The suitability of the subcanopy of isolated trees decreased with the recruitment progression and Janzen-Connell effects were absent. Seedlings had neutral association with the crown area of isolated trees which shifted to positive at the sapling stage. The species of the isolated tree and the crown area explained less than 20% of total variance, indicating that other predictive factors are important in explaining the nurse-plant effect observed in this study.
Mots clés Dispersal Facilitation, Early recruitment, JanzeneConnell hypothesis, Woody species
Pages 11 - 18
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