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[ Article ] Effects of NaCl and mannitol induced stress on sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) callus cultures

Date de soumission: 07-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2007
Entité/Laboratoire Autres laboratoires
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : biotechnologie
Titre Effects of NaCl and mannitol induced stress on sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) callus cultures
Auteurs ERRABII Tomader [1], GANDONOU GBOSSÈGNON CHRISTOPHE BERNARD [2], ESSALMANI Hayat [3], ABRINI Jamal [4], IDAOMAR Mohamed [5], SKALI SENHAJI Nadia [6],
Journal: Acta Physologia Plantarum
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 29
DOI:
Resume The effects of NaCl and mannitol iso-osmotic stresses on calli issued from sugarcane cultivars (cvs.) R570, CP59-73 and NCo310 were investigated in relation to callus growth, water content, ion and proline concentrations. Callus growth and water content decreased under both stresses with the highest reduction under mannitol-induced osmotic stress. The ion concentration was drastically affected after exposure to NaCl and mannitol. Salt stress induced an increase in Na+ and Cl– accumulation and a decrease inK+ and Ca2+ concentrations. Under mannitol-induced osmotic stress, K+ and Ca2+ concentrations decreased significantly while Na+ and Cl– concentrations remained unchanged. Free proline accumulation occurred under both stresses and was more marked in stress-sensitive cv. than in stress-resistant one. Our results indicated that the physiological mechanisms operating at the plant cell level in response to salt- and osmotic-induced stress in sugarcane cvs. are different. Among the cvs., we concluded that the stress resistance is closely related to the maintain of an adequate water status and a high level of K+ and Ca2+ under both stresses and a low level of Na+ concentration in the presence of NaCl. Thus, sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) can be regarded as a Na+ excluder. We also provided evidence that proline accumulation is a stress-sensitive trait rather than a stress resistance marker.
Mots clés Sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) NaCl Mannitol Callus growth Ion uptake Proline
Pages 95 - 102
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