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[ Article ] EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF BLOOD EXPOSURE ACCIDENTS WITH THE HEALTHCARE WORKERS STAFF OF A PERIPHERAL HOSPITAL IN BENIN

Date de soumission: 20-03-2017
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire Institut Régional de Santé Publique
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Santé Publiques, Services médicaux & soins de santé
Titre EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF BLOOD EXPOSURE ACCIDENTS WITH THE HEALTHCARE WORKERS STAFF OF A PERIPHERAL HOSPITAL IN BENIN
Auteurs HINSON ANTOINE VICKKEY [1], GOUNONGBE FABIEN [3], AGUEMON BADIROU DIN OWOLADÉ OTONIKOU [4], SOSSA JÉRÔME CHARLES [5], DADAH DONATIEN [6], LAWIN HERVE [2],
Journal: IJRDO-Journal Of Biological Science
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 2
DOI:
Resume Aim: To assess the level of Blood Exposure Accidents (BEA) and suggest preventive measures to the health workers. Methods: It was one descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out in the hospital’s technical services from May to July 2014. Both the medical and paramedical staff had filled an anonymous questionnaire related to their socio-demographic profile, their history of BEA and their knowledge thereof. Results: Out of the 121 workers who took part in the study, 42(34.7%) were nurses, 40 (33.1%) auxiliary nurses, 14 (11.6%) laboratory technicians and 8 (6, 6%) were physicians. The sex ratio of the population is 1.28%.The worker’s immunization coverage against hepatitis B is 43.8%. 14.9% cases were reported BEA. The needle sticks injuries were the most frequent accidents (72.2%). Nurses, auxiliary nurses and laboratory technicians were the most affected respectively 33.3%, 27.8% and 16.7% cases. 61.1% of cases had their wounds disinfected immediately, but only 5.5% declared their injury. The main reason being the lack of knowledge of the declaration procedure (70.6%). Universal safety measures are not sufficiently known by the agents. Conclusion: Healthcare workers are exposed to a higher risk of BEA and most of the injuries are not declared. Sensitization must be carried on the respect of universal safety measures.
Mots clés Blood Exposure Accidents –Healthcare workers- HIV- HBV- Benin
Pages 48 - 63
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