||EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF BLOOD EXPOSURE ACCIDENTS WITH THE HEALTHCARE WORKERS STAFF OF A PERIPHERAL HOSPITAL IN BENIN
HINSON ANTOINE VICKKEY ,
GOUNONGBE FABIEN ,
AGUEMON BADIROU DIN OWOLADÉ OTONIKOU ,
SOSSA JÉRÔME CHARLES ,
DADAH DONATIEN ,
LAWIN HERVE ,
||IJRDO-Journal Of Biological Science
||Aim: To assess the level of Blood Exposure Accidents (BEA) and suggest preventive
measures to the health workers.
Methods: It was one descriptive and cross-sectional study carried out in the hospital’s
technical services from May to July 2014. Both the medical and paramedical staff had filled
an anonymous questionnaire related to their socio-demographic profile, their history of BEA
and their knowledge thereof.
Results: Out of the 121 workers who took part in the study, 42(34.7%) were nurses, 40
(33.1%) auxiliary nurses, 14 (11.6%) laboratory technicians and 8 (6, 6%) were physicians.
The sex ratio of the population is 1.28%.The worker’s immunization coverage against
hepatitis B is 43.8%. 14.9% cases were reported BEA. The needle sticks injuries were the
most frequent accidents (72.2%). Nurses, auxiliary nurses and laboratory technicians were the
most affected respectively 33.3%, 27.8% and 16.7% cases. 61.1% of cases had their wounds
disinfected immediately, but only 5.5% declared their injury. The main reason being the lack
of knowledge of the declaration procedure (70.6%). Universal safety measures are not
sufficiently known by the agents.
Conclusion: Healthcare workers are exposed to a higher risk of BEA and most of the injuries
are not declared. Sensitization must be carried on the respect of universal safety measures.
||Blood Exposure Accidents –Healthcare workers- HIV- HBV- Benin
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