Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas

Date de soumission: 13-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire Épidémiologisque des Maladies Chroniques et Neurologiques (LEMACEN)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Nutrition et Sciences de la Santé
Titre Dietary sodium and potassium intakes: Data from urban and rural areas
Auteurs Mizéhoun-Adissoda Carmelle [1], Houinato Dismand [2], HOUEHANOU-SONOU CORINE [3], Chianea Thierry [4], Dalmay François [5], Bigot André [6], Aboyans Victor [7], Preux Pierre-Marie [8], Bovet Pascal [9], DESPORT Jean-Claude [10],
Journal: Nutrition
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 33
DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2016.08.007
Resume Objectives Hypertension is highly prevalent in West African populations, but little data is available on salt and potassium intake in these populations. We assumed in this study that sodium and potassium intake might be high and low, respectively, in the Beninese population in view of the emerging nutritional transition. The aim of this study was to estimate dietary sodium and potassium intakes based on 24-h urine collections. Methods We selected 420 individuals (ages 25–64 y), representative of the population, from urban and rural areas in Benin. Urine was collected over 24 h, and sodium, potassium, and creatinine were quantified. Blood pressure was measured on the left arm using a validated electronic oscillometric monitor. Results Adequate data were available for 354 participants. Mean dietary intake of sodium and potassium were 4.4 ± 2.1 and 1.8 ± 0.9 g/24 h, respectively. High intake of sodium was associated with urban area, age <44 y, administrative occupation, higher income, body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m2, and a large waist circumference. High potassium intake was associated with male sex, administrative occupation, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, and large waist circumference. Sodium intake was associated with high systolic and diastolic blood pressures. In multivariate analysis, only age <44 y and, marginally, BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high sodium intake, whereas male sex and a BMI ≥25 kg/m2 were associated with high potassium intake. Conclusion Large proportions of the population had sodium intake higher, and potassium intake lower, than dietary recommendations. These results suggest that interventions to reduce salt consumption and promote potassium-rich foods, including fruits and vegetables, are needed in Benin.
Mots clés Dietary, sodium, potassium
Pages 25 - 41
Fichier

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (44)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (72)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (23)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (834)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (45)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1376)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1613)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (136)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (748)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (16)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (68)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (61)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (191)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 908 )
  • Homme (