Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Prevalence of Dementia and Its Associated Factors in Cotonou Teaching Hospital, Benin

Date de soumission: 18-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Autres laboratoires
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Neurologie
Titre Prevalence of Dementia and Its Associated Factors in Cotonou Teaching Hospital, Benin
Auteurs GNONLONFOUN DIEU-DONNÉ [1], ADJIEN KODJO CONSTANT [2], Ossou-Nguiet Paul Macaire [3], Diallo Lansana Laho [4], Houannou Octave [5], ACAKPO Jocelyn [7], Goudjinou Gérald [9], Houinato Dismand [9], AVODE DOSSOU GILBERT [10],
Journal: Advances in Alzheimer's Disease
Catégorie Journal: Nationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 3
DOI: 10.4236/aad.2014.32010
Resume Introduction: Dementia constitutes a public health hazard in developing countries. There is little data in the sub-Saharan region of African especially in Benin. Objective: Determining dementia hospitalization prevalence and identifying its associated factors in CNHU-HKM, Cotonou. Method: It was a cross-sectional, prospective, descriptive and analytical research conducted from October 2012 to July 2013 in the neurology department; it involved 251 patients aged 50 and above. Dementia screening was conducted using a modified and adapted Mini Mental Scale Examination (MMSE). Dementia clinical and etiological diagnoses were respectively conducted based on DMS-IV and HACHINSKI criteria. Results: Patients were averagely aged 60.9 ± 8.1. Sex ratio (Male/Female) was 1.07. Dementia prevalence was 8.8%. This rate increased proportionally with age, from 5.3% with patients aged below 60 to 12.7% with patients aged above 60. Degenerative dementia was the most predominant type (50%). Following multi-varied analysis, smoking (RC = 6.05 [IC 95% = 1.26 - 29.38] p = 0.0001) and stroke past records (RC = 6.05 [IC 95% = 1.26 - 29.38] p = 0.001) revealed to be the factors associated with dementia. Conclusion: This research showed that dementia affects a significant part of the aging population in CNHU-HKM. It is imperative to combat its associated factors so as to defuse its prevalence.
Mots clés Prevalence, Dementia, Associated Factors, Cotonou
Pages 1 - 94
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