Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Evaluation of iodine intake and status using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in urban and rural areas in Benin, West Africa

Date de soumission: 02-03-2017
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire Épidémiologisque des Maladies Chroniques et Neurologiques (LEMACEN)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Endocrinologie, Métabolisme & Nutrition
Titre Evaluation of iodine intake and status using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in urban and rural areas in Benin, West Africa
Auteurs Mizéhoun-Adissoda Carmelle [1], DESPORT Jean-Claude [2], Houinato Dismand [3], BIGOT KOFFI ANDRÉ [4], Dalmay François [5], Preux Pierre-Marie [7], Bovet Pascal [8], Moesch Christian [9],
Journal: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 32
DOI: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.11.007
Resume OBJECTIVE: Iodine deficiency has severe pathological repercussions. The aim of this study was to evaluate iodine intake and status in adults in Benin, West Africa. METHODS: We randomly selected 420 participants ages 25 to 64 y and free of visible goiter from urban and rural settings of South Benin. The participants had a diet based on carbohydrates and fish. Urine was collected over a 24-h period and samples were assayed for iodine analysis using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. RESULTS: We studied 401 urinary iodine samples. The overall median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in 24-h urine was 62.9 μg/L (interquartile range: 40-96.2 μg/L). UIC was significantly lower in women than men (56.5 versus 78.6 μg/L; P < 0.001) and in rural versus urban areas (54.7 versus 77.8 μg/L; P < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, low UIC (<100 μg/L) was positively associated with women (odds ratio, 2.48; 95% confidence interval, 1.44-4.26; P = 0.001) and body mass index <25 kg/m(2) (odds ratio, 2.06; 95% confidence interval, 1.20-3.54; P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Iodine intake appeared to be fairly low in the Beninese population, according to World Health Organization criteria, and factors associated with low iodine intake were identified. Public health interventions to increase iodine intake, such as iodization of commercial salt and/or fortification of selected nutrients, should be strengthened at the national level.
Mots clés Evaluation, iodine intake, status, plasma mass spectrometry, Benin, West Africa
Pages 560 - 565
Fichier

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (44)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (72)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (23)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (834)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (45)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1376)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1613)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (136)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (748)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (16)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (68)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (61)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (191)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 908 )
  • Homme (