Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Determinants of crop-livestock integration by small farmers in Benin

Date de soumission: 20-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2015
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Recherche Avicole et de Zoo-Economie (LRAZE)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Productions Animales & Zootechnie
Titre Determinants of crop-livestock integration by small farmers in Benin
Auteurs KOURA B. Ivan [1], DEDEHOUANOU HOUINSOU [2], DOSSA HIPPOLYTE GBÉNAKPON LUC HIPPOLYTE [3], KPANOU Karl [4], HOUNDONOUGBO M. FRÉDÉRIC [5], HOUNGNANDAN PASCAL [6], MENSAH GUY APOLLINAIRE [7], HOUINATO MARCEL ROMUALD BENJAMIN [8],
Journal: International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences (IJBCS)
Catégorie Journal: Africaine
Impact factor: 0.31
Volume Journal: 9
DOI:
Resume Despite the numerous work conducted on integrated crop-livestock systems, very little is known about factors determining farmers’ trend to integrate. Our study aimed at a socioeconomic characterization of endogenous crop-livestock integration in Benin and identification of determinants of farmers’ decision to use these practices. Two hundred and forty farmers were surveyed in three agro-ecological regions randomly selected. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on farmer’s characteristics, production factors and agriculture and breeding by-products valorization practices. On the basis of main links between both productions, three integration levels (no integration, NI: 36%; partial integration, PI: 55%; total integration, TI: 9%) were identified and characterized according to socioeconomic characteristics of farmers. Then the multinomial logistic regression technique was used to predict the integration level of a given farmer in function of its socioeconomic characteristics. The three integration levels differ significantly (p<0.001) according to variables such as membership in farmers’ association, educational level, weight of agricultural experience, farming equipment and size of herds. The decision by a farmer to choose the total integration type significantly depends (p <0.001) on the size of his cattle herd, his membership in farmers’ association, the weight of his agricultural experience and his equipment value. Thus, integration is a practice used by small farmers with good experience in agriculture. Strategies for improving integration of cropping and breeding are to motivated farmers for cattle keeping and membership in an association.
Mots clés Animal feeding, integrated soil fertility management, resilience, sustainability
Pages 2272 - 2283
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