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[ Article ] Psychosocial issues in people with epilepsy in Togo and Benin (West Africa) I. Anxiety and depression measured using Goldberg's scale

Date de soumission: 02-03-2017
Année de Publication: 2004
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire Épidémiologisque des Maladies Chroniques et Neurologiques (LEMACEN)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Neurologie
Titre Psychosocial issues in people with epilepsy in Togo and Benin (West Africa) I. Anxiety and depression measured using Goldberg's scale
Auteurs Nubukpo Philippe [1], Preux Pierre-Marie [2], Houinato Dismand [3], Radji A. [4], Grunitzky E. K. [5], Avodé G. [6], Clément Jean-Pierre [7],
Journal: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 5
DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2004.07.001
Resume PURPOSE: This study in Togo and Benin, West Africa, was aimed at measuring depression and anxiety among people with epilepsy (PWE). METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 281 adult PWE in Togo and 215 in Benin matched with the same number of controls without epilepsy used Goldberg's anxiety and depression scale. The statistical tests used for comparisons were chi(2) tests, Fisher's exact test, analysis of variance, and Fisher's PLSD test when necessary. RESULTS: PWE in Togo and Benin had significantly higher (P<0.0001) average depression scores (4.4+/-2.1, 4.7+/-2.7) than controls (0.5+/-0.9, 1.4+/-2.4). They also had significantly higher (P<0.0001) average anxiety scores (5.3+/-2.0, 6.2+/-2.1) than controls (2.5+/-1.6, 1.6+/-2.0). In consideration of the thresholds of the scale, the prevalence of possible major anxiety and depression among PWE was also very high compared with controls (P<0.0001). High anxiety and depression scores were, in general, positively correlated with a higher frequency of seizures and lack of treatment. CONCLUSION: Results confirmed the existence of anxiety and depression among PWE in Togo and Benin.
Mots clés Psychosocia, epilepsy,Togo and Benin
Pages 722 - 727
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