Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Improving small-scale farmers’ endogenous crop-livestock practices in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas of Benin

Date de soumission: 20-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2015
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Recherche Avicole et de Zoo-Economie (LRAZE)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Productions Animales & Zootechnie
Titre Improving small-scale farmers’ endogenous crop-livestock practices in rural, peri-urban, and urban areas of Benin
Auteurs KOURA B. Ivan [1], DEDEHOUANOU HOUINSOU [2], VISSOH VINASSÉHO PIERRE [3], HOUNDONOUGBO M. FRÉDÉRIC [4], HOUINATO MARCEL ROMUALD BENJAMIN [5],
Journal: Journal of Animal & Plant Sciences
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 25
DOI:
Resume This study aimed at a describing indigenous crop-livestock systems used in rural, periurban and urban areas of Benin for their improvement. A socioeconomic survey was conducted in three areas and two hundred and forty (240) farmers were interviewed on their practices. Three integration levels were identified; no integration (NI, 36%), partial integration (PI, 55%) and total integration (TI, 9%) and the obtained groups were characterized. Then, a multiple correspondence analysis was performed to identify partial integration subgroups. Main Integrated Crops Livestock Systems (ICLS) identified ranged from Low external input agriculture (LEIA) to High external input agriculture (HEIA). While rural farmers preferred Mixed Crop-Livestock Farming with enhancement of cereals and legumes residues (PI) and Mixed Crop-Livestock Farming with utilization of manure and crop residues (TI), those from peri-urban area preferred Mixed Crop-Livestock Farming with value ascribed to roots/tubers residues (PI). Urban farmers’ practices were Mixed Crop-Livestock Farming with utilization of bought poultry dejections (PI). Improvement of these systems can be done through a better adequacy of production systems to valorise available crop residues and manure. This is a good issue for smallholders’ empowerment and nutrients recycling in farms.
Mots clés Mixed farming, Manure, crop residues, sustainable agriculture, urbanization
Pages 3814 - 3827
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