||Chemical Composition, Antiradical and anti-inflammatory activities of four annonaceae from Benin
ALITONOU GUY ALAIN ,
TCHOBO PAUL FIDÈLE ,
SESSOU PHILIPPE ,
AVLESSI FÉLICIEN ,
MENUT Chantal ,
SOHOUNHLOUE KOKO CODJO DOMINIQUE ,
||International Journal Of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences
||The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation from fresh leaves of four Annonaceae: Annona muricata, Annona squamosa, Monodora myristica and Xylopia aethiopica growing wild in Benin were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Twenty four compounds
were identified and quantified in the essential oil of Annona muricata with isocaryophyllene (20.2%); -caryophyllene (16.1%); cadinene (11.4%), elemene (8.9%); muurolene (6.9%) as major components. Twenty nine compounds were identified and quantified in the
essential oil of Annona squamosa which contained isocaryophyllene (24.9%), camphene (10.2%), caryophyllene (2.6%), epi-cadinol + epimuurolol (9.2%) as prominent components. Essential oil of Monodora myristica screened contained twenty four components
identified and quantified with phellandrene (65.5%), pinene (6.2%) as main compounds.Thirty three compounds were identified and quantified in the essential oils of Xylopia aethiopica, the major compounds being p-cymène (16.0%), sabinene (12.6%), terpinen-4-ol (11.3%),elemene (10.6%) and pinene (7.1%). The antiradical and anti-inflammatory activities of these oils were found to be low.
||Antiradical activity, anti-inflammatory activity, essential oils, annonaceae.
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