||Newbouldia laevis (P. Beauv.) Seeman ex Bureau is a Bignoniaceae widely distributed in USA,
Central Africa and West Africa. Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler is a
Rutaceae widely distributed in West Africa. They have been commonly used in folk medicines
against human and animal external and gastrointestinal parasites. In this study, the botanical
identification criteria as well as a preliminary phytochemical composition and an anthelmintic activity
of these species are reported. Extracts of both plants were prepared by use of chloroform,
acetone/water (70:30), ethanol/water (70:30) and their anthelmintic activity was measured by the
larval migration inhibition assay (LMI) applied on the abomasale species H. contortus. Then
anatomical and phytochemical examinations were performed. Anatomical study has shown that N.
laevis presents: lower epidermis with sinuous wall-cells and anomocytic stomata, acicular calcium
oxalate crystals, unicellular echinulate covering trichomes, 8-20 cell-head glandular trichomes.
Anatomical study has shown that the leaflet of Z. zanthoxyloides presents as anatomic features:
epidermis with polygonal-cells and wavy striated cuticle, calcium oxalate clusters and
sphaerocrystalline masses of flavonoid compounds. The phytochemical screening revealed the
presence of flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids, volatile oil, anthocyanins, leucoanthocyanins, reducing
compounds and coumarins in the leaves of the studied species. Saponins, cyanogenic and cardiac
glycosides were absent in all the studied plants parts. Mucilages were present in Zanthoxylum
zanthoxyloides while quinones were present in Newbouldia laevis. Chloroform, acetone and ethanol
extracts were used for anthelmintic studies. The extracts of N. laevis and Z. zanthoxyloides inhibit in vitro the larval migration of H. contortus. This effect is dose depending (p < 0,001). Acetonic
extracts seem to be more active especially in high doses. These extracts from N. laevis and Z.
zanthoxyloides, identified in the ethno knowledge could be used as improved traditional medicines
and may contain compounds with potential anthelmintic activity.