Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Histopathological and ultrastructural studies of a Henneguya species (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infesting the intestine of Clarias gariepinus from Benin (West Africa)

Date de soumission: 24-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Biologie et de Physiologie Cellulaires (LBPC)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Biochimie, biophysique & Biologie Moléculaire
Titre Histopathological and ultrastructural studies of a Henneguya species (Myxozoa: Myxosporea) infesting the intestine of Clarias gariepinus from Benin (West Africa)
Auteurs TOSSAVI DARIUS [1], GBANKOTO Adam [2], YESSOUFOU AKADIRI [3], ESCANDE MARIE-LINE [4], DIMITRI GORAND [5], RIBOU ANNE-CECILE [6], MOUTAIROU KABIROU [7], SAKITI GILBERT NESTOR [8],
Journal: Parasitology Research
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 2.3
Volume Journal: 114
DOI: 10.1007/s00436-014-4249-2.
Resume Abstract Fish culture is the best alternative to fill the gap between natural fish catches and estimated needs of populations in animal protein consumption. InWest Africa, this goal required to have suitable fishes for aquaculture which are Clariidae and Tilapia. Clarias gariepinus (Clariidae) fetches a higher price than tilapias as it can be sold alive at the market but a high infestation by Henneguya leads to decrease this commercial value. Those reasons lead us to perform studies on seasonal variations, histopathological aspects and life cycle of Henneguya sp. infecting the intestine of C. gariepinus using light and electron microscope. From November 2011to December 2012, 339 specimens were collected from Ouémé River (Benin) and examined. An overall prevalence of 7.37 % was recorded for plasmodia of Henneguya sp. Parasite occurrence did not vary significantly between seasons (χ2=12.235; df=3; p>0.05), nor sexes (χ2=2.992; df=7; p>0.05) while differences were significant between classes of weight (χ2=39.929; df=5; p<0.05). The highest prevalence was recorded in host ranging from 300 to 374 g. Histopathological analysis showed that the mass continuous development of the plasmodium produced thickening of the intestine wall and compressed neighboring tissues and destroyed villi and smooth muscle layers. The stages of the parasite development including sporogenesis, capsulogenesis, and valvogenesis were asynchronous. Investigations are still running by molecular approaches in order to identify accurately this species.
Mots clés Henneguya sp . Prevalence . Histopathology . Intestine . Electron microscope
Pages 861 - 872
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