Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Biodiversity of plants used in the treatment of gastroenteritis in Southern Benin.

Date de soumission: 26-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Génétique et de Biotechnologie (LGB)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : biotechnologie
Titre Biodiversity of plants used in the treatment of gastroenteritis in Southern Benin.
Auteurs AYENA Aimé Cézaire [1], Agassounon Djikpo Tchibozo Micheline [2], CHEGNIMONHAN Kouamy Victorin [3], Guidi Clotilde [4], ADOUKONOU-SAGBADJA Hubert [5], KAROU Daminitotie Simplice [6],
Journal: Astrakhan Medical Journal
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.097
Volume Journal: 11
Resume Context:In Benin, fighting food borne illnesses appears as a real challenge and a public health problem. Among solutions, next to modern medicine, people continue to use herbal remedies. In accordance, the aim of this study is to identify and appropriatly inventory plants and local empirical knowledge related to their use for treating gastroenteritis (diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal cramps). Materials and Methods:Through a semi-structured questionnaire, interviews with 180 professionals have been conducted for the collection of ethno-botanical and sociodemographic data in southern Benin. The most credible formulations were compiled based on recipes frequencies (Fr) and citations (Fcr). Results: A total of 53 medicinal species belonging to 51 genera and 34 families were identified. The most represented family is that of Euphorbiaceae (15.09 %), followed by Zingiberaceae (7.55 %). 75 medicinal recipes used to treat gastroenteritis were documented. The most cited species for their constitution are Momordicacharantia (12.52%), followed by Pterocarpus santalinoides (5.66 %), P. amarus, O. gratissimum and finally Mallotus oppositifolius (3.66 %). The plants that contributed to the development of the most credible herbal remedies are: P. amarus and Ocimum gratissimum to help deal with vomiting; Momordica charantia and Pterocarpus santalinoides especially against diarrhoea and abdominal cramps. Among the parts of plants used, the leaves are the most solicited ones (66.1%) while the most common dosage forms are decoctions (57 %). Conclusion: The results are successful and highlight the urgent need for scientific investigations and the proper preservation of nature in order to promote species.
Mots clés plant bio-diversity, ethno-medicine, food-borne illness, Southern Benin
Pages 145 - 155

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