Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] The use of magnetic resonance sounding for quantifying specific yield and transmissivity in hard rock aquifers: The example of Benin

Date de soumission: 27-02-2017
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Autres Laboratoires
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Physique
Titre The use of magnetic resonance sounding for quantifying specific yield and transmissivity in hard rock aquifers: The example of Benin
Journal: Journal of Applied Geophysics
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 1
Volume Journal: 107
Resume Hundreds of thousands of boreholes have been drilled in hard rocks of Africa and Asia for supplying human communities with drinking water. Despite the common use of geophysics for improving the siting of boreholes, a significant number of drilled holes does not deliver enough water to be equipped (e.g. 40% on average in Benin). As compared to other non-invasive geophysical methods, magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) is selective to groundwater. However, this distinctive feature has not been fully used in previous published studies for quantifying the drainable groundwater in hard rocks (i.e. the specific yield) and the short-term productivity of aquifer (i.e. the transmissivity).We present in this paper a comparison of MRS results (i.e. the water content and poresize parameter)with both specific yield and transmissivity calculated fromlong duration pumping tests.Weconducted our experiments in six sites located in different hard rock groups in Benin, thus providing a unique data set to assess the usefulness ofMRS in hard rock aquifers.Wefound that theMRSwater content is about twice the specific yield. We also found that the MRS pore-size parameter iswell correlatedwith the specific yield. Thuswe proposed two linear equations for calculating the specific yield fromthe MRSwater content (with an uncertainty of about 10%) and from the pore-size parameter (with an uncertainty of about 20%). The later has the advantage of defining a so-named MRS cutoff time value for indentifying non-drainable MRS water content and thus low groundwater reserve. We eventually propose a nonlinear equation for calculating the specific yield using jointly the MRS water content and the pore-size parameters, but this approach has to be confirmed with further investigations. This study also confirmed that aquifer transmissivity can be estimated from MRS results with an uncertainty of about 70%. We conclude that MRS can be usefully applied for estimating aquifer specific yield and transmissivity in weathered hard rock aquifers. Our result will contribute to the improvement of well siting and groundwater management in hard rocks.
Mots clés Hydrogeophysics Magnetic resonance sounding Specific yield Transmissivity Hard rock aquifers SNMR
Pages 16 - 24
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