Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Influence of Panicum maximum ecotypes on plant root growth and soil chemical characteristics after 3- year study in Soudanian region of West Africa

Date de soumission: 05-04-2017
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Zootechnie (LZ)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Productions Animales & Zootechnie
Titre Influence of Panicum maximum ecotypes on plant root growth and soil chemical characteristics after 3- year study in Soudanian region of West Africa
Journal: Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 60
Resume A study was carried out to compare the influence of four Guinea grass ecotypes (Panicum maximum) differing in their morphological, physiological, and agronomical traits on soil fertility in Soudanian region of West Africa. Plants were sown in a randomized complete block design with four replicates and cultivated during three successive years under a cut-and-carry regime without any fertiliser use. A natural fallow served as the control. Soil samples were collected before and after cultivation, and analyzed for pH, organic carbon, nitrogen, available P, and exchangeable cation contents. Aerial plant production was quantified and analyzed for N, P, and K content to estimate the uptake of these nutrients. Root biomass, depth, and distribution were also measured. Data were analyzed through ANOVA. After 3 years of cultivation, soil pH under plants did not vary but C and N concentrations declined from the initial levels. Owing to their deep rooting systems, two ecotypes can recycle nutrients apparently from deeper soil layers. While these ecotypes could be used for ley pastures in savannah regions of West Africa, maintenance fertiliser applications would be required to prevent nutrient depletion under a cut-and-carry regime. Further studies to test the efficacy of farmyard manure in providing these nutrients seem warranted.
Mots clés Keywords: Guinea grass; soil fertility; roots
Pages 75 - 86

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