Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Size of conducting phloem: The “key” factor for bark recovery of 12 tropical medicinal tree species

Date de soumission: 15-04-2017
Année de Publication: 2013
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire d'Ecologie Appliquée (LEA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Size of conducting phloem: The “key” factor for bark recovery of 12 tropical medicinal tree species
Auteurs DELVAUX Claire [1], SINSIN Brice [2], Van Damme Patrick [3], BEECKMAN Hans [4],
Journal: Flora
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 208
DOI:
Resume For rural populations in Africa, tree bark is widely used for medicinal purposes. Despite its importance, no anatomical studies exist which detail the recovery of medicinal tree species in Africa to bark harvesting. This present study aims to determine the anatomical variable(s) that could help to predict the differing recovery rates of 12 medicinal tree species. Discs of branches were collected from non-harvested trees of 12 different African species. A total of 12 anatomical variables were measured in the wood, the cambium and the phloem zone, and the correlation between the bark recovery rate and each variable was tested. Among the 12 anatomical variables tested, the thickness of the conducting phloem zone emerged as the most important one to explain the bark recovery rate. The presence of sclereids within the conducting phloem zone was also found to be an explanatory variable and was negatively correlated with the bark recovery rate. For 10 out of the 12 species, the thickness of the cambial zone varied significantly with the season. Nevertheless, this variable did not contribute significantly to the explanation of the bark recovery rate. Given that the 12 studied species showed a large range of bark recovery rates (0.1–10.0 cm y−1), we assume that they may be representative of the variety of wound healing responses (i.e. wood and bark tissue production) in many of African tree species. Consequently, our results could offer the advantage to foresee the potential of wound closure in any tree from which bark could be harvested.
Mots clés Bark regeneration, cambium, phloem, sclereids, West Africa, wood
Pages 111 - 117
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