Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Vegetable Contamination by the Fecal Bacteria of Poultry Manure: Case Study of Gardening Sites in Southern Benin

Date de soumission: 04-11-2016
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire Hydraulique et de Maitrise de l'Eau (LHME)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Vegetable Contamination by the Fecal Bacteria of Poultry Manure: Case Study of Gardening Sites in Southern Benin
Auteurs ATIDEGLA CAPO SÉRAPHIN COCOU [1], AGBOSSOU KOSSI EULOGE [2], HUAT Joël [3], SAINT-MACARY Hervé [4], GLELE KAKAÏ A. ROMAIN LUCAS [5],
Journal: International Journal of Food Science
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 2016
DOI: 10.1155/2016/4767453
Resume A study was conducted in southern Benin to assess the contamination of vegetables by fecal coliforms, Escherichia coli, and fecal streptococci as one consequence of the intensification of vegetable cropping through fertilization with poultry manure. For this purpose, on-farm trials were conducted in 2009 and 2010 at Yodo-Condji and Ayi-Guinnou with three replications and four fertilization treatments including poultry manure and three vegetable crops (leafy eggplant, tomato, and carrot). Sampling, laboratory analyses, and counts of fecal bacteria in the samples were performed in different cropping seasons. Whatever the fertilization treatment, the logs of mean fecal bacteria count per g of fresh vegetables were variable but higher than AFNOR criteria. The counts ranged from 8 to 10 fecal coliforms, from 5 to 8 fecal streptococci, and from 2 to 6 Escherichia coli, whereas AFNOR criteria are, respectively, 0, 1, and 0. The long traditional use of poultry manure and its use during the study helped obtain this high population of fecal pathogens. Results confirmed that the contamination of vegetables by fecal bacteria is mainly due to the use of poultry manure. The use of properly composted poultry manure with innovative cropping techniques should help reduce the number and incidence of pathogens.
Mots clés Vegetables, poultry manure, contamination, fecal pathogens, Benin.
Pages 1 - 8
Fichier (PDF)

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (44)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (72)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (23)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (834)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (45)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1376)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1613)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (136)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (748)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (16)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (68)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (61)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (191)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 908 )
  • Homme (