||Preliminary Results of a Cardiac Rehabilitation Program in Patients with Compensated Heart Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa (Benin): A Pilot Study
KPADONOU GODONOU TOUSSAINT ,
FIOGBE E. ,
DATIE AM ,
ALAGNIDE HOUNTONDJI ETIENNE ,
NIAMA NATTA DIDIER ,
HOUNGBEDJI M. GERMAIN ,
AZANMASSO H ,
MASSOUGBODJI M ,
||International Journal of physical medecine and rehabilitation
||Background: In sub-Saharan Africa, socio-economic conditions limited access to cardiac rehabilitation programs
(CRP) designed according to the usual models in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of a program of CRP based on Borg scale of perceived effort.
Methods: A Prospective, descriptive study aimed to be analytical focused on 27 patients with compensated heart
diseases (CHD) included in a CRP for 30 workouts during 10 weeks. These patients were evaluated by Borg scale
of perceived exertion with measuring heart rate (HR), body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure (BP) of rest at the
beginning and at the end of the program.
Results: It was recorded a significant reduction in the heart rate (p<0.0001), systolic BP (p<0.0001) and diastolic
BP (p=0.0002) while BMI reduction did not get a significant reduction (p=0.15).
Discussion: According to the studies encountered, intensities of physical activities such as those which have
been subjected to patients are sufficient to cause different physiological adaptations noted at the end of this present
program. Conclusion: This CRP appears to be an alternative to physical training in patients with CHD from socially
||Rehabilitation program effort; Compensated heart
disease; Borg scale; Sub-saharan Africa
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