||Assessment of the Contamination of Some Foodstuffs by Escherichia coli O157 in Benin, West Africa
JOHNSON ROCH CHRISTIAN ,
||International Journal of Microbiology
||Escherichia coli O157 is a pathogenic bacterium causing haemorrhagic colitis. It represents a serious public health problem in
Northern America and Europe, which can plague Africa. Most cases of mentioned poisoning were related to contaminated meat
products and vegetables. The present work aimed to estimate the prevalence of E. coli O157 in meat and vegetables in Benin.
For this purpose, 6 lots of faeces samples from pigs and 8 from cattle were collected at the farms on the outskirts of Cotonou.
Similarly, 20 samples of carcasses, 20 samples of intestines and stomach, and 20 surfaces samples of slaughtering equipment were
taken. Vegetables and environment materials in gardens have also been sampled for 84 samples. Bacteriological analyses revealed a
percentage of contamination of 50% for pig faeces and 25% for cattle ones. All the meats fromstalling parks have been contaminated
by this bacterium. For vegetables, 14.6% of samples were contaminated by E. coli O157. The presence of this pathovar in animal
breeding and slaughtering environment and in the gardens shows that Benin is not aware of the risks of foodborne illness associated
with the consumption of contaminated products.Therefore, it urges including that germin a systematic search during safety control
of food products in Benin.
||Benin, Assessment,Contamination, Escherichia coli
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