Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Assessment of the Contamination of Some Foodstuffs by Escherichia coli O157 in Benin, West Africa

Date de soumission: 23-06-2017
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Multidisciplinaire, generalités & autres
Titre Assessment of the Contamination of Some Foodstuffs by Escherichia coli O157 in Benin, West Africa
Auteurs JOHNSON ROCH CHRISTIAN [3],
Journal: International Journal of Microbiology
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 2014
DOI: 10.1155/2014/417848
Resume Escherichia coli O157 is a pathogenic bacterium causing haemorrhagic colitis. It represents a serious public health problem in Northern America and Europe, which can plague Africa. Most cases of mentioned poisoning were related to contaminated meat products and vegetables. The present work aimed to estimate the prevalence of E. coli O157 in meat and vegetables in Benin. For this purpose, 6 lots of faeces samples from pigs and 8 from cattle were collected at the farms on the outskirts of Cotonou. Similarly, 20 samples of carcasses, 20 samples of intestines and stomach, and 20 surfaces samples of slaughtering equipment were taken. Vegetables and environment materials in gardens have also been sampled for 84 samples. Bacteriological analyses revealed a percentage of contamination of 50% for pig faeces and 25% for cattle ones. All the meats fromstalling parks have been contaminated by this bacterium. For vegetables, 14.6% of samples were contaminated by E. coli O157. The presence of this pathovar in animal breeding and slaughtering environment and in the gardens shows that Benin is not aware of the risks of foodborne illness associated with the consumption of contaminated products.Therefore, it urges including that germin a systematic search during safety control of food products in Benin.
Mots clés Benin, Assessment,Contamination, Escherichia coli
Pages 1 - 8
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