Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections at a Hospital in Zinvie, Benin (West Africa)

Date de soumission: 23-06-2017
Année de Publication: 2015
Entité/Laboratoire Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Multidisciplinaire, generalités & autres
Titre Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infections at a Hospital in Zinvie, Benin (West Africa)
Auteurs JOHNSON ROCH CHRISTIAN [3],
Journal: International Journal of Infection
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 3
DOI: 10.17795/iji-34141
Resume Background: Urinary tract infections are one of the most common nosocomial infections. They are progressively becoming a serious and very recurrent public health problem in Africa. With respect to the limited data available on this situation in Benin, the present study was conducted. Objectives: Its objective was to determine the prevalence of the urinary tract infections among catheterized patients at a hospital in Zinvie (Benin). Patients and Methods: This prospective cross-sectional study was conducted on 60 inpatients from the Services of Emergencies, Medicine and Surgery of the hospital. Urine was collected twice per patient: 10 minutes and 48 hours after the insertion of the catheter. All urine samples were subjected to bacteriological analyses. The sensitivity of bacteria isolates was tested with prescribed antibiotics in the hospital. Hygiene practices during catheterization were recorded by direct observation using a checklist. Results: Two days later, (48 hours after the catheterization), 14 patients out of 60 (23.33%) presented with a urinary infection, of which 1 patient (1.66%) was already infected before the process. Gram-negative bacteria were the most isolated bacteria (79%), with Escherichia coli as the most identified species (63%) followed by Pseudomonas spp. (11%) and Acinetobacter spp. (5%). Gram-positive cocci isolates were essentially Staphylococcus aureus (21%). All bacteria isolates were multidrug resistant.
Mots clés Urinary Tract Infections, Catheterization, Bacteriuria, Antibiotic Resistance
Pages 1 - 9
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