Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Effect of using pesticide, on erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning among cotton workers in Benin

Date de soumission: 04-07-2017
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Autres laboratoires
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Santé Publiques, Services médicaux & soins de santé
Titre Effect of using pesticide, on erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning among cotton workers in Benin
Auteurs HINSON Antoine Vikkey [1], HOUNTIKPO Hilaire [2], DOSSOU Fidel. [3], YEHOUENOU AZEHOUN PAZOU ELISABETH [4], AGUEMON BADIROU DIN OWOLADÉ OTONIKOU [5], LAWIN HERVE [6], KOUDAFOKE Alain [7], GOUNONGBE FABIEN [8], HOUNGBEGNON parfait [9], FAYOMI EBOUM BENJAMIN [10],
Journal: International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 4
DOI: doi.org/10.15739/irjpeh.17.008i
Resume To evaluate the acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning in pesticide users in cotton production areas in Benin. Using a cross sectional study design, 454 individuals who have been working as pesticide sprayers for at least 5 years were recruited. They completed a questionnaire and underwent AChE test before and after pesticide spraying using the Test Mate® model 400 devices (EQM Research Inc) with a photometric sensor. Empty pesticide containers/packagings were either burnt (32.82%) or re-used for domestic purposes (15.20%). After spraying, 47.93% of the participants consume milk believing that it is a good precaution against poisoning. Only 21.13% systematically use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) while spraying pesticide. There was a significant inhibition between pre-exposure (AChE 2.92 ± 1.56 UI / ml) and post-exposure (AChE 2.73 ± 0.61 IU / ml): p = 0.01) AChE levels in the participants. AChE inhibition was higher in farmers who do not use PPE than in others (p=0.04).Pesticide poisoning is a reality therefore training and more preventive precaution should be taken and AChE monitoring is urgently needed for farm worker surveillance.
Mots clés Acetylcholinesterase, cholinesterase inhibitor, pesticide poisoning, Benin.
Pages 55 - 63
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