||Effect of using pesticide, on erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning among cotton workers in Benin
HINSON Antoine Vikkey ,
HOUNTIKPO Hilaire ,
DOSSOU Fidel. ,
YEHOUENOU AZEHOUN PAZOU ELISABETH ,
AGUEMON BADIROU DIN OWOLADÉ OTONIKOU ,
LAWIN HERVE ,
KOUDAFOKE Alain ,
GOUNONGBE FABIEN ,
HOUNGBEGNON parfait ,
FAYOMI EBOUM BENJAMIN ,
||International Research Journal of Public and Environmental Health
||To evaluate the acetylcholinesterase level and risk factors of poisoning in pesticide users in cotton production areas in Benin. Using a cross sectional study design, 454 individuals who have been working as pesticide sprayers for at least 5 years were recruited. They completed a questionnaire and underwent AChE test before and after pesticide spraying using the Test Mate® model 400 devices (EQM Research Inc) with a photometric sensor. Empty pesticide containers/packagings were either burnt (32.82%) or re-used for domestic purposes (15.20%). After spraying, 47.93% of the participants consume milk believing that it is a good precaution against poisoning. Only 21.13% systematically use Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) while spraying pesticide. There was a significant inhibition between pre-exposure (AChE 2.92 ± 1.56 UI / ml) and post-exposure (AChE 2.73 ± 0.61 IU / ml): p = 0.01) AChE levels in the participants. AChE inhibition was higher in farmers who do not use PPE than in others (p=0.04).Pesticide poisoning is a reality therefore training and more preventive precaution should be taken and AChE monitoring is urgently needed for farm worker surveillance.
||Acetylcholinesterase, cholinesterase inhibitor, pesticide poisoning, Benin.
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