Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in a Reference Maternal Health Care Centre in Southern Benin

Date de soumission: 18-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Unité de Gynécologie Obstétrique
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Médécine de la reproduction ( Gynécologie, Andrologie, obstétique)
Titre Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus in a Reference Maternal Health Care Centre in Southern Benin
Auteurs OGOUDJOBI OGOURINDÉ MATHIEU [1], LOKOSSOU Mègnissè Sèna H. S. [3], TSHABU TSHINGUTA ÉPSE AGUEMON CHRISTIANE [4], DENAKPO Justin Lewis [7], PERRIN RENÉ-XAVIER [8],
Journal: Advances in Diabetes and Metabolism
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 16
Volume Journal: 5
DOI: 10.13189/adm.2017.050401
Resume Gestational diabetes mellitus is the most commonly observed endocrine disorder during pregnancy. It results in severe fetal and maternal complications that can increase the fetal morbidity and mortality and the risk for overt diabetes in women. Identification of pregnant women at high risk for gestational diabetes mellitus is therefore needed for early detection in order to reduce its consequences for the mother, the fetus and the newborn. The objective of the study was to identify risk factors for gestational diabetes in a reference maternal health care centre in southern Benin. This was a case-control study carried out from 1st February 2015 to 31st July 2017 in reference maternal health care centre at the University Hospital of Porto-Novo. All pregnant women with a gestational age of 24 to 28 weeks of amenorrhea, who utilized antenatal care service of University Hospital of Porto-Novo, were screened for gestational diabetes mellitus. The chi-square test was used to identify risk factors for gestational diabetes mellitus. The statistical significance was fixed at p < 0.05. Of the 967 pregnant women participated in the study, 73 cases of gestational diabetes mellitus, were detected (7.5%). Risk factors of gestational diabetes identified were: maternal age ≥ 35 years [OR 7.82 CI 95% (4.75-12.89)], body mass index ≥ 25 kg/m2 [OR 9.56 CI 95% (5.17-17.70)], family history of diabetes at 1st degree [OR 2.78 CI 95% (1.53-5.06)], a history of fetal macrosomia [OR 7.25 CI 95% (3.11-16.92)], a history of stillbirth [OR 2.98 CI 95% (1.78-5.00)], an antecedent of more than two spontaneous miscarriages [OR 1.93 CI 95% (1.19-3.12)] and the personal history of hypertension [OR 3.91 CI 95% (1.52-10.07)]. This study confirmed the influence of maternal age and some medical and obstetric histories as risk factors of gestational diabetes mellitus. These pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes mellitus should benefit from early detection.
Mots clés Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Risk Factors, WHO Test
Pages 53 - 58
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