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[ Article ] Stillbirth in a University Maternity of Porto-Novo, in Southern Benin: Epidemiological and Etiological Aspects

Date de soumission: 19-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Unité de Gynécologie Obstétrique
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Médécine de la reproduction ( Gynécologie, Andrologie, obstétique)
Titre Stillbirth in a University Maternity of Porto-Novo, in Southern Benin: Epidemiological and Etiological Aspects
Auteurs TONATO BAGNAN Josiane Angeline [1], TOGNIFODE Véronique [2], OGOUDJOBI OGOURINDÉ MATHIEU [3], LOKOSSOU Mègnissè Sèna H. S. [4], OBOSSOU Awadé Afoukou Achille [5], PERRIN RENÉ-XAVIER [8],
Journal: Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.53
Volume Journal: 4
DOI: 10.4172/2376-127X.1000353
Resume Summary: Stillbirth remains largely unknown in our developing countries, where many fetal deaths are not systematically recorded. Efforts still need to be made to understand the causes of stillbirth in Benin. Objective: To study the epidemiological and etiological aspects of stillbirth. Framework and study method: This is a retrospective descriptive study on 1,010 stillbirths collected at the University Maternity of Porto Novo in Benin from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016. Results: During the study period, we recorded 1,010 stillbirths out of 13,069 births. The overall stillbirth rate is 83.8%. The highest proportions of stillbirths were among women with the following characteristics: Age between 20 and 34 (80.2%), retailers/traders (55.8%), married women (87, 1%), referred from peripheral health facilities (82%), paucigest (33.5%), pauciparous (33.8%), multiparous (31.7%) and the large multiparity group (14.2%). Etiologies are haemorrhages (38.8%), infections (17.6%), vascular renal syndromes (16.4%), unknown causes (11.8%), obstructed labor (dystocia) (9.8%), Cord diseases (5.9%), fetal abnormalities (1.6%), non-infectious maternal pathologies (0.9%) and other causes (2.1%). Conclusion: Reducing stillbirth involves improving the health system and strengthening health infrastructures. Supervision of women with high-risk pregnancies, screening and management of diseases during pregnancy are necessary in order to reduce the frequency of fetal death in utero in our environment.
Mots clés Stillbirth; Frequency; Epidemiological characteristics; Etiologies
Pages 1 - 4
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