Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of preweaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

Date de soumission: 05-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2018
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Biologie et du Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie (LBTMM)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Productions Animales & Zootechnie
Titre Appetibility and effect of neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf foods on weight performance and viability of preweaning rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).
Auteurs Vidjannagni Delphin Sévérin [1], SEIBOU TOLEBA Soumanou [2], SINA HAZIZ [3], Mahamadou Dahouda [4], Adenile Adam [5], Natonnagnon Ulrich [6], Daga Florian Dadjo [6], Harouna Aminatou [6], Baba-Moussa Lamine [6],
Journal: International Journal of Livestock Production
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 9
DOI: DOI: 10.5897/IJLP2017.0405
Resume The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of using neem (Azadirachta indica) leaves in the feeding of lactating rabbits. For 35 days, food consumption, weight performance and mortality were recorded in 96 mother cages of four batches of lactating rabbits subjected to four diets, including a control diet without neem leaves (lot 0) and three diets (lot 5: 5% leaves; lot 10: 10% leaves, and lot 15: 15% leaves) containing dried leaves of neem at different concentrations. The mean dietary intake of the animals of lot 15 (167.20 g/day/cage) was significantly lower than that of lot 0 (206.29 g/day/cage). Ingestions recorded in C3 litter class (7 to 9 rabbits) were higher (P<0.05) than those in C1 (1 to 3 rabbits) and C2 (4 to 6 rabbits). The initial mean weights of the young rabbits from lot 15 were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those of lot 5. No difference was observed between the birth-weaning of the four lots. The growth rate of young rabbits from females belonging to the C1 litter class (17.30 g/day) was higher (P˂0.01) than that of young rabbits whose litters were higher than 7 rabbits (8.82 g/day). The birth-weaning mortality rates of lot 0 (12.50%) and 5 (18.30%) were similar (P˃0.05). It was the same (P˃0.05) for batches 10 (37.60%) and 15 (34.30%). The incorporation of the neem leaves can be considered to increase the cost-efficacy during breeding rabbits.
Mots clés Oryctolagus cuniculus, Azadirachta indica, ingestion, growth rate, mortality.
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