Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Decreasing Past and Mid-Century Rainfall Indices over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin (West Africa)

Date de soumission: 09-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Decreasing Past and Mid-Century Rainfall Indices over the Ouémé River Basin, Benin (West Africa)
Auteurs N'TCHA M'PO Yekambessoun [1], LAWIN AGNIDÉ EMMANUEL [2], YAO Benjamin [3], OYERINDE Ganiyu Titilope [4], ATTOGUINON Andé [5], AFOUDA ABEL [6],
Journal: Climate (MDPI)
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor:
Volume Journal: 5
DOI: 10.3390/cli5030074
Resume This study analyzed the trends of extreme daily rainfall indices over the Ouémé basin using the observed data from 1950 to 2014 and the projected rainfall of regional climate model REMO (REgional MOdel) for the period 2015–2050. For future trends analysis, two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) new scenarios are considered, namely RCP4.5 and RCP8.5. The indices considered are number of heavy rainfall days, number of very heavy rainfall days, consecutive dry days, consecutive wet days, daily maximum rainfall, five-day maximum rainfall, annual wet-day total rainfall, simple daily intensity index, very wet days, and extremely wet days. These indices were calculated at annual and seasonal scales. The Mann-Kendall non-parametric test and the parametric linear regression approach were used for trends detection. As result, significant declining in the number of heavy and very heavy rainfall days, heavy and extremely heavy rainfall, consecutive wet days and annual wet-day rainfall total were detected in most stations for the historical period as well as the future period following the scenario RCP8.5. Furthermore, few stations presented significant trends for the scenario RCP4.5 and the high proportion of stations with the inconsistence trends invites the planners to get ready for an uncertain future climate following this scenario.
Mots clés Extreme rainfall; frequency; indices; future trend; REMO; Ouémé basin
Pages 1 - 28
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