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[ Article ] PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF OIL AND DEFATTED MEAL FROM ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE ACCLIMATED TO TEVAL IN NORTHEN BENIN

Date de soumission: 12-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2015
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF OIL AND DEFATTED MEAL FROM ANACARDIUM OCCIDENTALE ACCLIMATED TO TEVAL IN NORTHEN BENIN
Auteurs WOTTO VALENTIN DIEUDONNÉ [2], N’dayishimiye Vital [2], YETE PELAGIE [3], Sessou P. [4], AGBANGNAN DOSSA COKOU PASCAL [5], Sohounhloue Dominique [0],
Journal: World Journal Of Pharmacy And Pharmaceutical Sciences
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 5.21
Volume Journal: 4
DOI: 2278 – 4357
Resume This work focuses on the physico-chemical characterization of oil and defatted meal obtained from the kernels of Anacardium occidentale acclimated in Benin. The lipidic potential of the roasted cashew nutkernelsis 51.80±0.38%. The extracted oil, liquid at room temperature, is dark yellow with a pleasant aroma of toasted kernels. Chemical properties (acid, saponification, peroxide, and iodine index) and the fatty acids profile have been determined for the oil. The fatty acids profile showed a predominance of the unsaturated fatty acids specially oleic acid (44%), palmitoleic acid (13%) and linoleicacid (12.5%). The acid index (1.14 mg KOH/g) and peroxide index (8.08 meq O2/kg) are in agreement with the Codex Alimentarius (1999). The high iodine value (108.84 g I2/100g) explains the unsaturated nature of the oil. The saponification index (205.29 mg KOH/g) is almost the same with saponification index of the common edible oils; this high value could direct the oil to be used in soap factory. The protein content is 38.64% and the main minerals present are phosphorus (1.233%), potassium (1.287%), magnesium (0.480%) and calcium (0.133%). Sodium, iron, zinc, copper and manganese are at low concentrations (0.002 to 0.037%). Given this composition, the defatted meal rich in minerals and especially protein could be used inhuman and animal nutrition.
Mots clés Anacardium occidentale, lipidic potential, fatty acid profile, delipidated cake
Pages 1912 - 1920
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