Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Morphological plant modeling: unleashing geometric and topological potential within the plant sciences

Date de soumission: 13-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire d'Ecologie Appliquée (LEA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Morphological plant modeling: unleashing geometric and topological potential within the plant sciences
Auteurs BUCKSCH Alexander [1], ATTA-BOATENG Acheampong [2], AZIHOU AKOMIAN FORTUNÉ [3], BATTOGTOKH Dorjsuren [4],
Journal: Frontiers in Plant Science
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 4.298
Volume Journal: 8
DOI: 10.3389/fpls.2017.00900
Resume The geometries and topologies of leaves, flowers, roots, shoots, and their arrangements have fascinated plant biologists and mathematicians alike. As such, plant morphology is inherently mathematical in that it describes plant form and architecture with geometrical and topological techniques. Gaining an understanding of how to modify plant morphology, through molecular biology and breeding, aided by a mathematical perspective, is critical to improving agriculture, and the monitoring of ecosystems is vital to modeling a future with fewer natural resources. In this white paper, we begin withanoverviewinquantifyingtheformofplantsandmathematicalmodelsofpatterning in plants. We then explore the fundamental challenges that remain unanswered concerning plant morphology, from the barriers preventing the prediction of phenotype from genotype to modeling the movement of leaves in air streams. We end with a discussion concerning the education of plant morphology synthesizing biological and mathematical approaches and ways to facilitate research advances through outreach, cross-disciplinary training, and open science. Unleashing the potential of geometric and topological approaches in the plant sciences promises to transform our understanding of both plants and mathematics.
Mots clés plant biology, plant science, morphology, mathematics, topology, modeling
Pages 1 - 16
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