Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Evaluation of the knowledge and attitude of pharmacists about the national malaria control policy in southern Benin

Date de soumission: 13-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Pharmacognosie et de Phytothérapie (Phyto-Gnos)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Pharmacognosie
Titre Evaluation of the knowledge and attitude of pharmacists about the national malaria control policy in southern Benin
Journal: Malaria Journal
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 16
DOI: DOI 10.1186/s12936-017-1880-2
Resume Background: The national strategy against malaria in an endemic country should involve all the health stakeholders. In Benin, the private sector is rarely present in the activities of the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP), and its surveillance system does not cover private sector outlets that are a non-negligible part of the healthcare system. Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the drug delivery practices within private pharmacies of Cotonou and Porto-Novo and the awareness of medicine providers concerning the national policy of malaria treatment. Methods: A survey was performed among pharmacy staff members responsible for dispensing medicines and providing advice to patients within pharmacies of Cotonou and Porto-Novo. Dispensing/pharmacy assistants (‘dispensators’) from 82 pharmacies in Cotonou and 19 in Porto-Novo were surveyed. Data entry was performed using Epidata 3.1 software and data analysis was carried out using SPSS software version 21.1. Chi square test was used to compare proportions. A significance threshold of 0.05 was defined for the p value. Results: 46% of providers did not know the artemisinin-based combination therapy recommended by the NMCP for treating uncomplicated malaria. 58.7% were not able to recognize the gravity signs of malaria. 89.8% of dispensators were used to deliver an anti-malarial upon patient request, without prior biological confirmation as requested by the NMCP policy. Conclusions: Dispensing practices within the studied pharmacies from Cotonou and Porto-Novo were not in adequacy with the NMCP guidelines for uncomplicated malaria, which is a striking weakness in the training of drug providers on key elements of the guidelines for managing malaria. The NMCP needs to help dispensator from private pharmacies sector to standardize drug delivery practices according to its guidelines.
Mots clés Malaria, Knowledge and attitude, pharmacist, Malaria control policy, Bénin
Pages 1 - 7
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