||Evaluation of the knowledge and attitude of pharmacists about the national malaria control policy in southern Benin
GANFON M. Y. HABIB ,
EKANMIAN GIRAUD ,
DANIEL- GARCIA Emilie ,
||Background: The national strategy against malaria in an endemic country should involve all the health stakeholders.
In Benin, the private sector is rarely present in the activities of the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP), and its
surveillance system does not cover private sector outlets that are a non-negligible part of the healthcare system.
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the drug delivery practices within private pharmacies of Cotonou
and Porto-Novo and the awareness of medicine providers concerning the national policy of malaria treatment.
Methods: A survey was performed among pharmacy staff members responsible for dispensing medicines and
providing advice to patients within pharmacies of Cotonou and Porto-Novo. Dispensing/pharmacy assistants (‘dispensators’)
from 82 pharmacies in Cotonou and 19 in Porto-Novo were surveyed. Data entry was performed using Epidata
3.1 software and data analysis was carried out using SPSS software version 21.1. Chi square test was used to compare
proportions. A significance threshold of 0.05 was defined for the p value.
Results: 46% of providers did not know the artemisinin-based combination therapy recommended by the NMCP for
treating uncomplicated malaria. 58.7% were not able to recognize the gravity signs of malaria. 89.8% of dispensators
were used to deliver an anti-malarial upon patient request, without prior biological confirmation as requested by the
Conclusions: Dispensing practices within the studied pharmacies from Cotonou and Porto-Novo were not in
adequacy with the NMCP guidelines for uncomplicated malaria, which is a striking weakness in the training of drug
providers on key elements of the guidelines for managing malaria. The NMCP needs to help dispensator from private
pharmacies sector to standardize drug delivery practices according to its guidelines.
||Malaria, Knowledge and attitude, pharmacist, Malaria control policy, Bénin
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