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[ Article ] Environmental influence on the worldwide prevalence of a 776CRG variant in the transcobalamin gene (TCN2)

Date de soumission: 15-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2007
Entité/Laboratoire Autres laboratoires
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Environmental influence on the worldwide prevalence of a 776CRG variant in the transcobalamin gene (TCN2)
Auteurs Guéant Jean-Louis [1], CHABI NICODÈME WOROU [2], Guéant-Rodriguez, Rosa-Maria [3], Mutchinick, Osvaldo M [4], Debard, Renée [5], Payet, Corinne [6],
Journal: Journal of Medecine and Genetics
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 7.037
Volume Journal: 44
DOI: 10.1136/jmg.2006.048041
Resume Background: A 776CRG variant (dbSNP ID: rs1801198) in the transcobalamin gene (TCN2; MIM# 275350) decreases the cellular and plasma concentration of transcobalamin and thereby influences the cellular availability of vitamin B12. Objective: To evaluate the worldwide prevalence of this variant and its association with homocysteine plasma level. Methods: The study was performed in 1433 apparently healthy subjects, including Afro-Americans and Afro- Africans and in 251 Afro-Africans participants with severe malaria. Results: The frequencies of the 776G allele were the highest in China (0.607; 95% CI 0.554 to 0.659), low in West Africa (Be´nin and Togo, 0.178; 0.154 to 0.206), and intermediate in France (0.445; 0.408 to 0.481), Italy (0.352; 0.299 to 0.409), Morocco (0.370; 0.300 to 0.447) and Mexico (0.374; 0.392 to 0.419). The 776G genotype was more frequent in Afro-Americans from New York (16.7; 8.4 to 30.7) and in Afro- African patients with severe malaria (6.0%; 95% CI 3.7 to 9.6) than in healthy Afro-African volunteers (p = 0.0004 and p = 0.033, respectively), while no difference was observed for MTHFR 677TT and 677T alleles. A disequilibrium of TCN2 genotype distribution was recorded in patients with severe malaria, with a twofold higher GG genotype than expected (p = 0.010). An association between the TCN2 polymorphism and homocysteine was observed only in Mexico and France, the two countries with the highest rate of low plasma concentration of vitamin B12 (,100 pmol/l). Conclusion: Given the dramatic heterogeneity of the 776G allele frequency worldwide, this polymorphism may be prone to a selective pressure or confers an evolutionary advantage in confronting environmental factors, one of which is malaria.
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Pages 363 - 367
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