Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Physical and Technological Parameters of Maize Varieties (Zea mays L.) Grown in the Southern Parts of Benin and the Influence of Chemical Composition

Date de soumission: 21-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) :
Titre Physical and Technological Parameters of Maize Varieties (Zea mays L.) Grown in the Southern Parts of Benin and the Influence of Chemical Composition
Auteurs Semassa Josiane Adjobignon [1], Anihouvi Victor B. [2], Adjanohoun Adolphe [3], Padonou Wilfrid [4], Gbénou Joachim D. [5], Lamine Baba-Moussa [6],
Journal: Nutrution et Food Sciences
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 7
DOI:
Resume Objective: The study aims to investigate some physical and technological parameters of varieties of maize collected from the most representative areas of maize production in the southern part of Benin, and mainly used by the populations of those areas. Method: The chemical composition, physical and technological characteristics of the grains were determined using standard methods. Results: The results showed that the weight of 1000 grains ranges from 158.01 to 305.12 g, the length from 0.79 to 1.81cm, the average width from 0.74 to 1.51 cm, thickness from 0.36 to 0.85 cm and density from 1.07 to 1.25. Regarding the technological parameters, the hardness of the grains before and after cooking was between 16.78 and 47.20 kgf, and 0.23 and 0.71 kgf respectively, while the cooking time varies from 71.00 and 158.33 mn. There was a positive and significant correlation (r = 0.405; p < 0.026) between the hardness after cooking and the weight of 1000 grains, between the hardness after cooking and grain width (r = 0.460; p < 0.011). A positive and highly significant correlation (r = 0.527, p < 0.003) was also observed between the hardness after cooking and the grain length, between the hardness after cooking and the thickness of grain (r = 0.476, p < 0.008), and between the grain density and the weight of 1000 grains (r = 0.481, p < 0.007). A positive and highly significant correlation (r = 0.923, p < 0.000) wasalso observed
Mots clés Maize, Physical Characteristics, Technological parameters, Chemical parameters
Pages 1386 - 1400
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