||Epidemiology and Management of Gynecological and Breast Cancers in the Two Reference Hospitals of Parakou, in North Benin
OBOSSOU Awadé Afoukou Achille ,
TOGNIFODE Véronique ,
BRUN LUC ,
BALLEY M. ,
DENAKPO Justin Lewis ,
HOUNKPATIN BENJAMIN IGNACE BODOUNRIN ,
||Oncology and Cancer Case Reports
||Objective: It’s aim at describing the epidemiological features and management modalities of gynecological and
breast cancers in Parakou in 2016.
Framework and study method: It was a retrospective descriptive and analytical study covering a six-year period
running from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. It took place in Parakou at the University-affiliated Hospital of
Borgou Department and at Boko Zone Hospital.
Results: Of the 90 cases of gynecological and breast cancers recorded during this period, cervical cancer was the
leading one with 54.44%. Breast cancer accounted for 34.44%, followed by ovarian cancer (5.57%). The median time
from the onset of first symptoms to first consultation was 92 ± 71 days. The mean age of patients was 45 ± 15.9 years.
Most cancers were diagnosed at an advanced stage (stage II, III or IV) that’s 60.43%. The most common anatomopathological
types were: invasive ductal carcinomas (67.74%) for the breast andinvasive squamous cell carcinomas for
the cervix (66%). Surgical treatment is always the only therapeutic mean available.
Conclusion: Gynecological and breast cancers are common in northern Benin. The treatment remains essentially
surgical. It’s necessary to promote the early detection of these pathologies.
||Gynecological and breast cancers; Epidemiology; Parakou; Benin
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