Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Influence of roasting of shea kernels on their fat content and some quality characteristics of Ssea butter

Date de soumission: 19-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Physico-Chimie des Aliments (LPCA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Biochimie, biophysique & Biologie Moléculaire
Titre Influence of roasting of shea kernels on their fat content and some quality characteristics of Ssea butter
Auteurs Honfo Gbenato Fernande [1], Linnemann Anita [2], Akissoé Noël [4], SOUMANOU MANSOUROU MOHAMED [5],
Journal: Journal of Food Studies
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 6
DOI: 10.5296/jfs.v6i1.10881
Resume In shea production zones in Sub-Saharan Africa, shea butter is mostly produced by women using traditional methods. Improvement of their practices would allow them to obtain better monetary returns for their activities. Roasting of crushed shea kernels is a processing step that has a major influence on the quantity and quality of extracted shea butter. Using a central composite face-centered design (CCFD), the effect of roasting, specifically roasting time and temperature was investigated. Both factors influenced fat content (44-53% dw) of the crushed kernels; colour characteristics and free fatty acid (FFA) content (0.5-3%) of the butter. In shea butter from differently roasted kernels, 58 volatile compounds were identified, of which were quantitatively dominant, against 27 compounds in butter from unroasted kernels. The ideal practice according to the CCFD model is roasting at 171 ºC for 15 min, which resulted in a fat content of 49% dw of the kernels, a butter yield of 32%, a FFA of 1.2% of the butter, and a peroxide value of 3.2 meq O2/kg. This optimum roasting time is appreciably shorter than the current practice, suggesting that the use of firewood during traditional processing can be reduced.
Mots clés Roasting, Volatile compounds, SPME-GC-MS, Carbonyls, Hexanal, FFA
Pages 66 - 80
Fichier (PDF)

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Doctorale Pluridisciplinaire <<Espaces, Culture et Développement>> (0)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (47)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (80)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (24)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (877)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (57)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (889)
  • Faculté des Lettres, Langues, Arts et Communications (FLLAC) (0)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1433)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1757)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (144)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (19)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (72)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (75)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (192)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut National Médico Sanitaire ( INMeS) (0)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 993 )
  • Homme (