||Current migrations into coastal zones of Benin: Motives, ecological consequences and social realities.
TEKA OSCAR SEMADEGBE ,
CHABI Roméo Brice K. ,
ADELEKE Mosunmola Lydia ,
Vogt Joachim ,
KRAMER Caroline ,
SINSIN AUGUSTIN BRICE ,
||European Journal of Geography
||The main objective of this study is to analyze the migration into the coastal area of Benin and
the related possible effects on the socio-economic and ecological environment. In total, 660
coastal household chiefs comprising 262 women and 405 men were interviewed. Semistructured
interviews were made with 32 notables and local authorities of the coastal Districts.
The Analysis of Variance was applied in order to test the relationship between sociodemographic
parameters and migration motives. Results showed that migrants are above
people at working age. The gender offers a possibility of differentiated analysis. The searching
for jobs and training and family reasons are the main motives for migration into the coastal
area. There is no significant relationship between ethnic groups and types of motivation (P=0.54). But there was a significant relationship between marital status and type of motivation
(P=0.00). There is a significant relationship between gender and type of motivation (P<0.00).
||Migration, Coastal Districts, Motivation, Benin
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