Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Mangroves in Benin, West Africa: threats, uses and conservation opportunities

Date de soumission: 20-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2018
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire d'Ecologie Appliquée (LEA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Sciences Environnement &Ecologie
Titre Mangroves in Benin, West Africa: threats, uses and conservation opportunities
Auteurs TEKA OSCAR SEMADEGBE [1], Houessou Laurent G. [2], Djossa Bruno A. [3], Bachmann Yvonne. [4], OUMOROU ALIOU ABOUDOU MADJIDOU [5], SINSIN AUGUSTIN BRICE [6],
Journal: Environment, Development and Sustainability
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.954
Volume Journal: 75
Resume Mangrove ecosystems constitute valuable resource all over the world. They provide habitats for flora and fauna species, protect the coast against erosion and supply various products for local communities. Currently, mangroves are overused and degraded. Up to now, perceptions of local communities on the dynamic of mangrove forest and their acceptable participation forms for mangroves restoration have not been entirely understood. This study was undertaken in order to assess human pressure on mangroves from user perspective and to provide baseline information for its sustainable management in three districts (Grand-Popo, Ouidah and Se`me`-Kpodji) located in the coastal area of Benin. Structured and semi-structured questionnaire surveys regarding perceptions of mangrove forest dynamic, causes of mangrove forest degradation, indigenous restoration strategies and forms of participation were conducted among randomly selected informants. It has been reported that Beninese mangrove ecosystems supply timber and non-timber forest products, rich fishing grounds and salt for local communities. Local communities are aware of the need of restoring and ensuring sustainable conservation of mangrove ecosystems. Dominant measures for restoration and conservation indicated by informants for mangrove users include the reintroduction of traditional rules, avoidance of uncontrolled settlements, planting of mangrove trees, planting alternative fuelwood, use of solar energy for salt production and creation of alternative income generating activities. Planting mangrove trees and alternative cooking energy sources supplying to local communities to avoid mangrove destruction are urgent needs for the coastal area of Benin.
Mots clés Conservation  Indigenous restoration strategies  Salt production  Overexploitation
Pages 1 - 17

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