||Summary: Stillbirth remains largely unknown in our developing countries, where many fetal deaths are not
systematically recorded. Efforts still need to be made to understand the causes of stillbirth in Benin.
Objective: To study the epidemiological and etiological aspects of stillbirth.
Framework and study method: This is a retrospective descriptive study on 1,010 stillbirths collected at the
University Maternity of Porto Novo in Benin from January 1, 2013 to June 30, 2016.
Results: During the study period, we recorded 1,010 stillbirths out of 13,069 births. The overall stillbirth rate is
83.8%. The highest proportions of stillbirths were among women with the following characteristics: Age between 20
and 34 (80.2%), retailers/traders (55.8%), married women (87, 1%), referred from peripheral health facilities (82%),
paucigest (33.5%), pauciparous (33.8%), multiparous (31.7%) and the large multiparity group (14.2%). Etiologies are
haemorrhages (38.8%), infections (17.6%), vascular renal syndromes (16.4%), unknown causes (11.8%), obstructed
labor (dystocia) (9.8%), Cord diseases (5.9%), fetal abnormalities (1.6%), non-infectious maternal pathologies (0.9%)
and other causes (2.1%).
Conclusion: Reducing stillbirth involves improving the health system and strengthening health infrastructures.
Supervision of women with high-risk pregnancies, screening and management of diseases during pregnancy are
necessary in order to reduce the frequency of fetal death in utero in our environment.