Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Epidemiolog y of fractures in a tropical country....

Date de soumission: 21-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2017
Entité/Laboratoire Unité de Chirurgie Traumatologie Ortopédie (UCTO)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Chirurgie
Titre Epidemiolog y of fractures in a tropical country....
Auteurs CHIGBLO SÈGLA PASCAL ERIC [1], LAWSON ERIC [2], TIDJANI FIACRE [3], PADONOU ADEBOLA [4], NEZIEN T. [5], MADOUGOU SOUMAÏLA [6], GOUKODADJA OSWALD [6], HANS MOEVI ARISTOTE [6],
Journal: European Scientific Journal
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0
Volume Journal: 13
DOI: 1O.19044/esj.2017.v13n24p416
Resume Introduction: The increasing number of vehicles and the proliferation oftwo-wheeled vehicles accentuate the frequency of fractures in our country. The aim of this study is to describe the epidemiology of fractures in Cotonou. Materials and Methods: This prospective two-year study focused on aIl patients admitted to the emergency department of the National Teaching Hospital of Cotonou for a fracture injury. Results: 1794 fractures were collected in 1432 patients. Fractures accounted for 24.9% of surgical emergencies. The average age was 33.7 years (29 days - 90 years). The dominance was male with a sex ratio of 3.62. Etiological circumstances were dominated by road traffic accidents (75.8%), The etiological circumstances were dominated by road accidents (75.8%), motorcyclists being the most affected (48.5%). The admission average was 27.33 hours (15 minutes - 29 days). Fractures preferentially sat on the lower limbs (64.4%). In descending order of frequency, were distinguished the fractures of leg (32.2%), of the femur (19.8%) and of the forearm (14.8%). Conclusion: fractures are common. The etiologies are dominated by traffic accident. The lesions predominate in the lower limb. The establishment of good road safety policy (improving track conditions, extension ofthe highway code ...) would reduce their frequency.
Mots clés Fractures; Epidemiology; Traffic Accident.
Pages 415 - 426
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