Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Inventory, folk classification and pharmacological properties of plant species used as chewing stick in Benin Republic

Date de soumission: 01-03-2017
Année de Publication: 2009
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Chimie Analytique et Analyse des Médicaments ( LCAM)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Chimie Analytique et Bromatologie
Titre Inventory, folk classification and pharmacological properties of plant species used as chewing stick in Benin Republic
Auteurs AKPONA Hugues Adeloui [1], YEMOA Loconon Y. Achille [4],
Journal: Journal of Medicinal Plants Research
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.564
Volume Journal: 3
DOI:
Resume Chewing sticks are secondary forest products used by people of all ages, genders and professions in Benin but less investigated according to species concerned, their importance according to local communities and their pharmacological properties. For that purpose, an ethnobotanical survey was conducted among 105 local informants of 8 districts in southern and central Benin. The informants were requested to list the species used as chewing sticks and to rank them by priority. To assess pharmacological importance, phytochemical screening was done on four species listed as priority according to local perceptions. The most important plant families of chewing sticks harvested are Euphorbiaceae, Combretaceae, Anacardiaceae, Rubiaceae and Rutaceae. We recorded 35 species of chewing sticks which were grouped into three categories. Six major groups of chemical compounds were tested in four species listed as priority: alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, saponins, steroids, terpenoids and heteroside cardiotonics. Chemical groups found in selected plants have in general positive actions on dental care, but some such as heterosides cardiotonics found in Pseudospondias microcarpa (in traces) are not recommended because of the risks of cardiotoxicity known for these chemical compounds.
Mots clés Chewing sticks, chemical compounds, Pseudospondias microcarpa, cardiotoxicity
Pages 382 - 389
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