Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Rabbit production and network in Benin in 1998

Date de soumission: 27-10-2016
Année de Publication: 2000
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Productions Animales & Zootechnie
Titre Rabbit production and network in Benin in 1998
Auteurs KPODEKON TCHOKPONHOUE TCHEGNINOUGBO MARC [1], GNIMADI A. [2], DJAGO YAOU [3], KOUTINHOUIN G. BENOÎT [3], FAROUGOU SOUAÏBOU [4],
Journal: World Rabbit Science
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.833
Volume Journal: 8
DOI:
Resume This study was performed in 1998 to evaluate rabbit production and the organization of rabbit breeders in Benin. One hundred eighty-eight rabbit breeders, mainly fairly young, educated men, were contacted in the four administrative areas in the southern part of the country. Twenty-one percent of breeders were professionally qualified, which is evidence of rapid professionalization of rabbit production compared to the situation in 1988.Seventy-five percent of rabbit breeding units had a maximum of 10 breeding does, 13% between 10 and 20 breeding does and 11% were commercial farms (with 20 – 150 breeding does). Animals were reared in cages by 78% of rabbit breeders. In 97% of cases the foodstuffs provided were in the form of complete balanced diets. Reproduction techniques were well known and applied by two thirds of the breeders. Despite the fall in production following the outbreak of viral hemorrhagic disease which occurred in 1995, the rabbit stock in 1998 was estimated at 40 240 animals. Current market demand is equivalent to this, and represents about 53.3 tonnes of carcasses. A projection based on the changing consumption of rabbit meat puts the future demand at 263 000-1 578 000 rabbits in 2002 and 313 000-1 880 000 rabbits in 2007.Rabbit meat is sold at 500-1 500 FCFA per kilo live weight and 1 250-2 000 FCFA per kilo of prepared meat. (100 FCFA = 0.18 Euro or 0.18 US$) Rabbits are generally sold at 4 – 6 months of age (76%). In the absence of a rabbit market organization, most rabbits are sold by direct sale or direct collection by middle men. There is a network of technical and financial support which should ensure the professional training of rabbit breeders. The formation in 1993 of an association of rabbit breeders (ABEC) and its current dynamism should provide better opportunities for improved organization of the network and increased production of rabbits in Benin.
Mots clés rabbit, production, network, Benin
Pages 103 - 110
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