Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Newborn Umbilical Cord Care in Parakou in 2013: Practices and Risks

Date de soumission: 28-02-2018
Année de Publication: 2016
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Pédiatrie
Titre Newborn Umbilical Cord Care in Parakou in 2013: Practices and Risks
Auteurs AGOSSOU JOSEPH [1], D'ALMEIDA Marcelline [2], ADEDEMY JULIEN DIDIER [3], NOUDAMADJO Alphonse [4], GOUNOU N'GOBI Doué Yasmine [5], AYIVI BLAISE [6],
Journal: Open Journal of Pediatrics
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.44
Volume Journal: 6
Resume Objective: The objective was to study umbilical care practices and risks in Parakou (North Benin). Patients and method: It was a cross-sectional and descriptive study carried out within a commu- nity from June 1 to August 31, 2013. It focused on all the infants born at the maternity of Parakou Health Center and their mothers. Results: Two hundred and ten newborns were included i.e. 101 boys and 109 girls. In 80.9% of cases, inappropriate substances had been applied to umbilical cord. Umbilical cord care quality was adjudged as poor, acceptable and good in 58.6%, 31.9% and 9.5% of cases respectively. A bacterial umbilical infection had been noted in 59.5% of newborns. Only 4.8% had sterile umbilical wound. The commonest bacteria were: Staphylococcus aureus (58.1%), Staphylococcus saprophiticus (53.3%), Escherichia coli (44.8%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (14.3%). The factors associated with umbilical infection were: low educational status of mother (p = 0.026), low-income occupation of mother (p = 0.021), customary practices to accelerate umbilical cord fall off (p = 0.007), short time to cord falling off lower than 6 days (p = 0.015). Conclusion: Umbilical cord care involves high risk for bacterial infection in our context. Strong actions must be taken within the community in order to reduce that risk.
Mots clés Umbilical Care Practices, Risks, Newborn, Parakou, Benin
Pages 124 - 135

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