Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Antibiotic susceptibility and toxins production of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical samples from Benin

Date de soumission: 03-03-2018
Année de Publication: 2011
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Biologie et du Typage Moléculaire en Microbiologie (LBTMM)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Multidisciplinaire, generalités & autres
Titre Antibiotic susceptibility and toxins production of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from clinical samples from Benin
Auteurs AHOYO THEODORA ANGÈLE [3], BABA Faride [2], SINA HAZIZ [1],
Journal: African Journal of Microbiology Research
Catégorie Journal: Africaine
Impact factor: 1.25
Volume Journal: 5
DOI: http://www.academicjournals.org/AJMR
Resume A wide range of clinical samples were screened for identification of Staphylococcus aureus, their antibiotic sensitivity profile and the production of different leucotoxin and epidermolysins was evaluated. Out of 2,040 biological samples (collected from pus, urine, sperms, genital, catheter and blood of hospitalized and extra-hospital patients) screened, 123 pure cultures of S. aureus colonies were isolated. 48.78% of S. aureus were resistant to methicillin (MRSA), while 78% of them were isolated from extra-hospital patients. The S. aureus isolated from urines, pus and blood produced Panton and Valentine leukocidin (PVL) toxin, while the leucotoxin lukE-lukD was exclusively encountered by S. aureus isolated from pus samples. None of the bacterial colony isolated produced epidermolysin toxins A and B. In addition, 3.25% of MRSA and 8.13% of methicillin sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) produced PVL respectively. Our results indicated high frequency rate of MRSA in extra-hospital screened samples isolated from various types of infection. This high resistance rate combined with toxin production increases the virulence of S. aureus colonies and put therefore at risk the life of the patients in developing countries where auto-medication is not controlled. There is the need to instruct the population in order to avoid further widening of MRSA territory.
Mots clés Staphylococcus aureus, Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL), antibiotic, infection, methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Benin
Pages 2797 - 2803
Fichier (PDF)

Publications par entité

  • Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP) (15)
  • Centre Interfacultaire de Formation et de Recherche en Environnement pour le Développement Durable (CIFRED) (18)
  • Chaire Internationale en Physique Mathématique et Applications (CIPMA-Chaire UNESCO) (16)
  • Ecole Nationale d'Administration et de Magistrature (ENAM) (44)
  • Ecole Nationle d'Economie Appliquée et de Management (72)
  • Ecole Normale Supérieure (23)
  • Ecole Polytechnique d'Abomey-Calavi (EPAC) (835)
  • Faculté de droit et de Science Politique (FADESP) (45)
  • Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines (FLASH) (789)
  • Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques (1376)
  • Faculté des Sciences de la Santé (FSS) (1613)
  • Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion (FASEG) (136)
  • Faculté des Sciences et Techniques (FAST) (748)
  • Faculté des Sciences Humaines et Sociales (FASHS) (16)
  • Institut de Formation et de Recherche en Informatique (IFRI) (68)
  • Institut de Mathématiques et de Sciences Physiques (IMSP) (61)
  • Institut National de l'Eau (INE) (13)
  • INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA JEUNESSE DE L’EDUCATION PHYSIQUE ET SPORT(INJEPS) (191)
  • Institut National des Métiers d'Art d'Archéologie et de la Culture (INMAAC) (4)
  • Institut Régional de Santé Publique (IRSP) (51)

Publications par sexe

  • Femme( 908 )
  • Homme (