Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Phenetic differentiation and use-type delimitation in Amaranthus spp. from worldwide origins

Date de soumission: 16-03-2018
Année de Publication: 2014
Entité/Laboratoire Horticulture Gennetics Unit
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Agriculture & Agronomie
Titre Phenetic differentiation and use-type delimitation in Amaranthus spp. from worldwide origins
Auteurs Achigan-Dako Enoch Gbenato [1], Sogbohossou E. O. Dêêdi [2],
Journal: Scientia Horticulturae
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 2
Volume Journal: 178
DOI: 10.1016/j.scienta.2014.08.003
Resume Amaranthus species have been rediscovered as promising food crops mainly due to their resistance to heat, drought, diseases and pests, and the high nutritional value of both seeds and leaves. This genus include the grain crops Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hypochondriacus and to a less extent Amaranthus caudatus and also the weedy and vegetable species Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus tricolor and Amaranthus viridis. Taxonomic bottlenecks related to similarities between grain, vegetable and weed types are yet to be solved to better understand the evolutionary trend in the group and to develop adequate selection of lines. In the present study, we carried out a phenetic analysis of 100 accessions belonging to nine species with various geographical origins to assess morphological markers and clarify inter- and intraspecific variations among and within species. Among the 30 descriptors used, the most distinguishing characters were related to inflorescence types, floral parts and seed traits. Hierarchical cluster analysis showed a clear demarcation between grain amaranths and other species. Close relationships were found between A. viridis, A. dubius and A. spinosus on the one hand and A. blitum, A. graecizans and A. tricolor on the other. Small-types cultivars of A. dubius were found to be closer to A. spinosus than giant-types. Species grouping were independent of accession origin which gives insight into the robustness of morphological markers. These results provided phylogenetic relationships which are inconsistent with previous infrageneric classification of amaranths and call for further investigations with a larger set of species to clarify relationships among these species and unlock their potential for crop improvement.
Mots clés
Pages 31 - 42

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