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[ Article ] Diversity, Geographical, and Consumption Patterns of Traditional Vegetables in Sociolinguistic Communities in Benin: Implications for Domestication and Utilization1

Date de soumission: 17-03-2018
Année de Publication: 2011
Entité/Laboratoire Horticulture Gennetics Unit
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Agriculture & Agronomie
Titre Diversity, Geographical, and Consumption Patterns of Traditional Vegetables in Sociolinguistic Communities in Benin: Implications for Domestication and Utilization1
Auteurs Achigan-Dako Enoch Gbenato [1], N'Danikou Sognigbé [2], ASSOGBA KOMLAN Françoise [3], Ambrose-Oji Bianca [4], Pasquini Margaret W. [6], AHANCHEDE ADAM [5],
Journal: Economic botany
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 0.93
Volume Journal: 65
DOI: 10.1007/s12231-011-9153-4
Resume Diversity, Geographical, and Consumption Patterns of Traditional Vegetables in Sociolinguistic Communities in Benin: Implications for Domestication and Utilization. Traditional vegetables in many African rural areas are an important part of the daily diet and economy but have been poorly documented until recently. We undertook a survey in Benin on the diversity and patterns of use of traditional vegetables by 18 sociolinguistic groups in the three major phytogeographical regions. Major groups include the Yoruba–Nagot, Fon, Bariba, Adja, Cotafon, and Ditammari. Focus groups and field visits were conducted in 49 villages. Species richness at the country level and in phytogeographical regions was estimated using species accumulation curves. Our results indicated that 245 species belonging to 62 families are used as vegetable resources all over the country. The most frequently used families include Amaranthaceae, Asteraceae, Cucurbitaceae, and Leguminoseae. About 80% of collected vegetables are wild resources; only 19% were clearly under cultivation. Herbs were the most widely consumed life form. The Guinean and the Sudanian regions exhibit similar species richness while in the Sudano–Guinean region vegetable richness is higher. The use of a species as a vegetable depends not only on socio–cultural attributes but also on geographical occurrence. Based on this inventory, we identified needs for further research and activities for both the conservation and promotion of traditional vegetables. Diversity, Geographical, and Consumption Patterns of Traditional Vegetables in Sociolinguistic Communities in Benin: Implications for Domestication and Utilization1 (PDF Download Available). Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/257776700_Diversity_Geographical_and_Consumption_Patterns_of_Traditional_Vegetables_in_Sociolinguistic_Communities_in_Benin_Implications_for_Domestication_and_Utilization1 [accessed Mar 17 2018].
Mots clés Benin, diversity, phytogeographical regions, sociolinguistic groups,traditional vegetable
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