Publications Scientifiques

[ Article ] Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha deficiency impairs regulatory T cell functions: Possible application in the inhibition of melanoma tumor growth in mice

Date de soumission: 06-04-2018
Année de Publication: 2016
Entité/Laboratoire Laboratoire de Biologie et de Physiologie Cellulaires (LBPC)
Document type : Article
Discipline(s) : Biochimie, biophysique & Biologie Moléculaire
Titre Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha deficiency impairs regulatory T cell functions: Possible application in the inhibition of melanoma tumor growth in mice
Auteurs Hichami Aziz [1], YESSOUFOU AKADIRI [2], Ghiringhelli François [3], Salvadori Françoise [4], MOUTAIROU KABIROU [5], Zwetyenga Narcisse [6], Khan Naim [7],
Journal: Biochimie
Catégorie Journal: Internationale
Impact factor: 3.11
Volume Journal: 131
DOI: doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2016.09.001.
Resume Regulatory T (Treg) cells are important to induce and maintain immunological self-tolerance. Although the progress accomplished in understanding the functional mechanism of Treg cells, intracellular molecules that control the mechanisms of their suppressive capacity are still on investigation. The present study showed that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha deficiency impaired the suppressive activity of Treg cells on CD4þCD25 and CD8þ T cell proliferation. In Treg cells, PPARa gene deletion also induced a decrease of migratory abilities, and downregulated the expression of chemokine receptors (CCR-4, CCR-8 and CXCR-4) and p27KIP1 mRNA. Treg cells from PPARa / mice also lost their anergic property. Since low Treg activity, as observed in PPARa / mice, is known to be associated with the inhibition of tumor growth, we inoculated these mice with B16 melanoma cells and assessed tumor proliferation. In PPARa / mice, cancer growth was significantly curtailed, and it was correlated with high expression of granzyme B and perforin mRNA in tumor bed. Degranulation of cytolytic molecules by CD8þ T cells, assessed by a perforin-release marker CD107a expression, was higher in PPARa / mice than that in wild-type mice. Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in melanoma tumors in PPARa / mice exhibited high pro-inflammatory Th1 phenotype. Consistently, adoptive transfer into lymphopenic RAG2/ mice of total PPARa /splenic T cells inhibited more the growth rate of B16 tumor than the wild type splenic T cells. Our findings suggest that PPARa deficiency, by diminishing Treg cell functions and upregulating pro-inflammatory T cell phenotype, exerts an in vivo anti-cancer properties.
Mots clés CD4þCD25þ regulatory T cells; PPARa; B16 melanoma tumor; Perforin
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